Week of November 3, 2000
Week of July 6, 2001
The U.S. and China This Week
DOMESTIC: Chinese Entrepreneurs Can Join Communist
SUMMARY: (7/2/01) Chinese President
Jiang Zemin announced in a speech commemorating the 80th anniversary of
the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) that private businessmen could join the
Party. According to CCP estimates, 113,000 Party members currently run
businesses, which most created after joining the Party. Whether or
not to allow businessmen to join the Party has been debated vigorously
within the CCP in the past year, a senior theoretician indicated. Under
Mao Zedong, certain “red capitalists?were protected, but few of them were
permitted to become Communist Party members.
The Party banned businessmen from joining after
the Tiananmen Square incident of June 1989. The theoretician said the ban
occurred because the leaders of private companies were seen as “exploiters?
and their employees as being taken advantage of. Private businessmen also
played a large role in the latter stages of the Tiananmen incident, organizing
motor cycle-riding entrepreneurs who informed leading protesters of the
movements of the military.
“This is a path-breaking speech in redefining
the role of the party and its relationship to the rest of society,?commented
Dali Yang, a political science professor at the University of Chicago.
“It will be seen as a fundamental document setting the tone for rebuilding
Yang said the CCP could prolong its dominance
for a long time if it could “accommodate the best and brightest and most
economically influential and at the same time curb corruption??But Lin
Yanzhi, deputy secretary of Jilin province and the son of a revolutionary
leader, wrote in the Pursuit of Truth magazine, “If these people really
join the party they will use their strength to first seize power within
the party and then to change the party’s nature.?#060;/font>
Private firms make up more than 20 percent of
China’s $1 trillion gross domestic product. The Party reform package maintains
that the Party, made up of 64.5 million members, should be representative
of all walks of life in China, not just the proletariat.
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INTERNATIONAL: North Korean
Asylum Seekers Allowed Into South Korea
SUMMARY: (6/30/01) The seven members of an extended family that showed
up in a United Nations office in Beijing have left China and have been
granted entry into South Korea, where they are seeking asylum. “China
had no objection to their departure,?said Colin Mitchell, chief representative
U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees in Beijing. The family left China
June 29 and went to Singapore before arriving in South Korea June 30 to
embarrassment for the North Koreans. They also spent a night in transit
in the Philippines, which refused to formally admit them into the country
deference to North Korea.
China has an agreement with North Korea to send back North Korean refugees.
It is estimated that between 150,000-300,000 such individuals reside in
China and Mongolia. They get help from Chinese Koreans as well as clandestine
South Korean aid agencies. In January 2000, China angered the U.N. by
returning seven North Koreans to their native country even after the
U.N. deemed them refugees. China said the North Koreans were economic migrants.
has also returned thousands of other North Koreans on those grounds.
The seven refugees now in South Korea had been living underground in
China since 1999. A Japanese journalist said there were 10 others
in the group
originally. Some went to Mongolia, the whereabouts of a few more are
unknown, and one couple was sent back to North Korea by China. China let
seven family members leave on humanitarian grounds after intense talks
with the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees.
North Korea lambasted the U.N. for its handling of the refugees. “The
UNHCR official illegally dealt with the issue ?beyond its authority, (and)
obstacles in the process of inter-Korean reconciliation,?the government
said in a statement communicated by the official Korean Central News Agency.
South Korean political parties welcomed the family into the country.
The main opposition Grand National Party released a statement calling on
government to help escaping North Koreans to live in South Korea.
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DOMESTIC: Dispute Arises Over
Death of Falun Gong Prisoners
SUMMARY: U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell and
Chinese Foreign Minister Tang Jiaxuan agreed over the phone to strengthen
U.S.-China ties June 28,
according to Xinhua news agency. The official
agency reported Tang invited Powell to visit China following an ASEAN Regional
Forum meeting in Hanoi,
Vietnam at the end of July.
Tang reportedly told Powell he was glad U.S.-China
relations “have seen improvement recently after experiencing difficulties?
he was most likely referring
to the controversy over the April 1 collision
of the U.S. EP-3E spy plane with the Chinese F-8 fighter jet. China detained
the crew of the damaged
American plane for 11 days before releasing them
after the U.S. expressed regret over the loss of the life of the Chinese
pilot, the loss of the Chinese plane
and the fact that the Americans landed in China
Tang also was said to have told Powell that China
was readying for October’s meeting between Chinese President Jiang Zemin
and U.S. President George
W. Bush when Bush visits China in October. Bush
will attend the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) annual informal
meeting of leaders in
Shanghai and then visit Beijing. Tang and Powell
also were said to have discussed Iraq. No date has been set for Powell’s
trip to China.
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The U.S. and China This
Last updated: 16 July 2001