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Week of November 3, 2000

Week of February 16, 2001

The U.S. and China This Week

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DOMESTIC: Amnesty International: Torture Increasing in China

SUMMARY: Citing witnesses?stories, its own research and articles in Chinese government publications, Amnesty International claims torture is increasing in China. In a 58-page report released February 12, Amnesty described 75 specific cases of torture and alluded to more than 600 other cases. According to Amnesty, more and more Chinese officials are torturing an expanding range of victims with practices such as beatings, whippings, electric shocks, and sexual abuse.

Chinese Foreign Minister Zhu Bangzao blasted Amnesty International, claiming that it “often made irresponsible remarks concerning China according to rumors and hearsay.?He referred to the fact that China ratified a United Nations convention against torture in 1998, and maintained that “those who torture will be punished in accordance with law.?According to Zhu, “The allegation that China has systematic and large-scale torture is totally groundless.?#060;/font>

But Curt Goering, Amnesty’s senior deputy executive director in the United States, said that torture “is no doubt a daily occurrence in China. ?It’s an attempt to destroy and control ?and intimidate and punish.?Goering said the United States should push for a resolution condemning Chinese human rights abuses at next month’s annual gathering of the U.N. Commission on Human Rights in Geneva.

Amnesty reported use of “widespread and systemic?torture against political dissidents, Tibetan nuns, migrant workers, criminal defendants and their lawyers, individuals accused of tax evasion and people accused of violating China’s one-child policy. The group said it was concerned at the “inadequate, contradictory response of the authorities to mounting credible evidence?of abuses against Falun Gong followers.

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INTERNATIONAL: China Calls for Global Effort Against Falun Gong, Other `Cults?#060;/h2>

SUMMARY: A feature in the state-run Chinese Xinhua news agency referred to efforts of the United States, Japanese and European governments against
cults, and said those governments should not adhere to double standards in their response to China’s crackdown on Falun Gong. “China is willing to form a
joint battlefront to wage a global struggle against cults,?Xinhua’s report said, quoting Wang Yusheng, secretary general of the China Anti-Cult Association.
Duan Qiming, an official with the state administration of religious affairs, said other governments should help China deal with Falun Gong and also prevent
the group from causing “tragedies?in their own territories.

The Xinhua story referred to the Branch Dravidians in the United States and Aum Supreme Truth in Japan seemingly in order to compare China’s response
to Falun Gong with America and Japan’s responses to those cults. “The Chinese government and people have always supported the efforts of other
governments in cracking down on cults,?said Feng Jinyuan, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, the top government think tank. Fu
Tieshan, chairman of the Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association, said Falun Gong has similarities to cults in other countries, including the United States.

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          INTERNATIONAL: Scholar: China Wants Better U.S.-North Korean Relations

SUMMARY: A top scholar with China’s State Council Developmental Research Center says China wants to see better relations between America and
North Korea and is alarmed at what it views as U.S. unwillingness to engage that North Korea. Zhao Huji said a visit by Bill Clinton to North Korea would
have worked towards lessening tensions on the Korean Peninsula. Now, he said, President George W. Bush’s plans to pursue a National Missile Defense
(NMD) system may impede North Korea’s opening up to the world. “It is not unlikely that China and Russia could end up using North Korea as a kind of
card to play in joint efforts to get Washington to back down from NMD,?Zhao said.

Zhao maintained that North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il is interested in peace and economic development, not confrontation. He said Kim has made
overtures to Russia and China to “create the conditions for economic reforms and opening up,?and to deal with the probability of continued isolation from
Japan and America. Zhao predicted the ruling North Korean Worker’s Party will hold a congress in coming months at which Kim will put forth a plan for

For economic reforms to be successful, Zhao said, North Korea needs better ties to the United States. Zhao said a normalization of relations with the
United States will pave the way for North Korea to receive investment from South Korea and international institutions such as the World Bank. It also may
lead to war compensation from Japan, he maintained.

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DOMESTIC: Website Creator Tried For Subversion

SUMMARY: On February 13, Chinese citizen Huang Qi became the first person known to be prosecuted for disseminating political materials on the
Internet. The Chinese government has accused Huang, 36, of “inciting the overthrow of state power?by posting articles about the 1989 Tiananmen
democracy protests on his Internet website. According to human rights groups, the government is also trying him for placing information about Muslim
separatists  in Xinjiang province and Falun Gong on his website.

No outside observers were allowed at the trial in the Chengdu Intermediate People’s Court in western China, as the Chinese government said state secrets
were involved. The trial was suspended due to Huang’s ill health, according to an official, and should resume next week. Huang’s wife said he had been
beaten in jail. Huang was arrested last June 3, after he posted an essay that argued that those responsible for the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre should
be tried. Huang did not write the essay.

China’s National People’s Congress passed a law in December making subversion over the Internet a crime. New York-based Human Rights Watch
maintained that Huang’s trial was “a significant test of the limits of free expression.?Ann Cooper, executive director of the Committee to Protect
Journalists, claimed the trial was “a terrible reminder of the lengths to which the Chinese Government will go to control information.?

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INTERNATIONAL: Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Blasts Human Rights Censure Effort

SUMMARY: With the United Nations Human Rights Commission meeting coming up in March, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Zhu Bangzao
February 15 said the proper way to resolve conflict over human rights is through “dialogue and exchange on the basis of equality and mutual respect.?He
said “it is no use to engage in confrontation.?Attempts to censure China for human rights violations at previous meetings of the UNHRC “seriously
poisoned the atmosphere,?he said, and naturally failed.

On February 14, a bipartisan group of 11 U.S. Senators called on President Bush to sponsor a resolution at the upcoming UNHRC meeting in March
condemning China for human rights violations. At last year’s meeting, like in former years, developing countries rallied behind China to block a U.S.-led
attempt to censure China. The EU did not support America; some European countries, including France, expressed concern that such a resolution might
endanger commercial ties with China.

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The U.S. and China This Week
The U.S. and China This Week

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