Week of March 01, 2002
Week of March 1, 2002
The U.S. and China This Week
U.S.-CHINA RELATIONS: China Says U.S. Must Make Move for
SUMMARY: (2/26) - A senior Chinese foreign policy official
told a group of American journalists February 26 that it is up to the United
States to take action if there is to be an agreement between China and the
United States on weapons proliferation. However, the official, who declined
to be identified, did not say what specifically the United States must do.
In November 2000, China and the United States reached an agreement in which
China agreed not to export ballistic missiles and technologies. It also
agreed to publish export control rules and to form a list of sensitive "dual-use"
items, which might help the government stop proliferation by arms companies.
The United States was to once again permit American satellites to be launched
from China. However, the agreement was never implemented, because there
was a disagreement over whether the arms sales provisions applied only to
future sales or to past contracts as well.
America maintains it received a verbal commitment from China to halt pre-existing
sales. The official did not show any willingness by China to accept such
a provision. "That agreement was for the future, and now the United
saying it was for the past," he said. But he added that his comment
should not be construed to mean that any past sales by China carried a risk
of weapons proliferation.
The official acknowledged some companies in China might have exported weapons
technology without the government's knowledge. He added that those companies
that violate export regulations will be punished. However, the government
has not issued such regulations and, according to the official, China is
still preparing a list of controlled export items; Western diplomats have
maintained the list was ready months ago.
Over the past year of talks, China has demanded that American satellites
first be allowed to be launched from China and that America end sanctions
against a Chinese arms company China says were unfounded. The company sold
sensitive missile parts to Pakistan; China maintains the sales were not
dangerous and anyway occurred before the November 2000 agreement.
"I think we have made great efforts," the official said. "We
think the ball is in your court." Liu Jievi, director general of the
arms control department at the Foreign Ministry, is scheduled to come to
the United States this month for negotiations. China is widely held to have
sent Pakistan a nuclear device. It has exported missile technology to Pakistan
and has been linked by the CIA to weapons sales to Iran and North Korea,
among other nations. The United States has also accused China of boosting
Iraq's military communications.
Previous Summary ||
DOMESTIC: Yang Yang (A) Wins Second Gold Medal
(2/25) - Electrifying Yang Yang (A) of China became the first short track
speed skater to capture two individual Olympic gold medals when she out-sprinted
Ko Gi-Hyun of South Korea to win the 1,500 meters February 23 at the Winter
Olympics in Salt Lake City. Yang Yang (A), from Heilongjiang province, also
had won the 500 meters race.
The Olympic champion almost got kicked off the Chinese team as an adolescent
due to her tenacious nature, her mentor and trainer said. "Even I had
to submit to that girl," trainer Jin Meiyu commented. Jin said in 1991
at age 15, Yang competed in a national championship race despite suffering
from a high fever and won in a surprise upset.
Yang Yang (A)'s two gold medals are China's only victories ever in Winter
Olympic competition. Yang Yang (S) of China, no relation to Yang Yang (A),
captured bronze in the women's 1,500 meters, her second of the Olympics.
China finished the Olympics with two golds, two silvers and four bronzes.
At the Nagano games in 1998, from which Yang Yang (A) was shut out, China
won six silvers and two bronzes.
In China, champions often peak at a young age and retire early to allow
room for young prodigies. But Yang Yang (A) said while she probably would
have retired had she won gold four years ago, she is not sure now because,
in her words, "I'm loving my profession more and more." She has
won the last five world titles in the 500 meters competition.
Previous Summary ||
DOMESTIC: Three Chinese Managers Killed by Employees or Employees' Relatives
SUMMARY: (2/25) - Frustrated ex-employees or their
relatives murdered three managers at struggling state-owned firms last year,
Chinese state media and local officials have reported. Company officials said
there was no link between economic reforms and the murders, but state media,
including the official Xinhua news agency, maintained all three killings occurred
due to insufficient redundancy and welfare benefits. In July, 19-year-old
Yi Luo killed the general manager of Huanggang Aluminum Group Corporation
in the victim's home, a company executive told Reuters. Xinhua reported the
crime occurred because Yi was angry at his father's redundancy and by the
general manager's wealth. The executive reported the company has laid off
about 200 of 2,000 employees, and is paying them 150 yuan ($18) a month, the
minimum allowed by the local government. However, she said the killing was
a random act of violence.
In October, Xu Yudong, a laid-off worker, stabbed to death the chief of
the Xianning City Chemical Fibre Factory because the company would not give
him his job back or pay him higher severance benefits, a company executive
said. The executive said although about 100 of the 500-strong employees
of the firm had been laid off, only Xu complained. Xu was executed in January,
the executive reported.
The other killing occurred in December. The son of a worker at a bankrupt
subsidiary of Xiangfan Xiangyang Resources Co. murdered the company's deputy
general manager as the victim closed the enterprise's books, according to
China's official urban unemployment rate was 3.6% at the end of last year,
state media contended earlier this month. But analysts point out those figures
do not include "xiagang", or laid-off workers, being paid diminutive
salaries. Unemployment is expected to go up this year because of China's
entry into the World Trade Organization, which will lead to increased foreign
competition and cheaper imports.
The U.S. and China This
Last updated: 17 January 2001