Week of November 3, 2000
Week of October 26, 2001
The U.S. and China This Week
DOMESTIC: Chinese Warlord Who
Kidnapped Chiang Kai-shek Dies at Age 100
SUMMARY: (10/15) - Former Chinese warlord Chang Hsueh-liang,
a revered hero in mainland China, died October 15 in Hawaii at the age
of 100. Chang kidnapped Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek in December 1936
and only released him after Chiang agreed to form an alliance with the
Communists to fight the invading forces of Imperial Japan. At the time
of the kidnapping, Chiang’s Nationalists were close to defeating Mao Zedong’s
Communists. China’s official Xinhua news agency said Chang “has been remembered
as a great patriot in contemporary China.?#060;/font>
Chang’s father, Manchurian military strongman
Chang Tso-lin, was assassinated by Japanese forces because he refused to
collaborate with them. Chang was only 27 when he inherited Manchuria, parts
of northern China and his father’s 200,000-man army; he became known as
“Young Marshal.?Chang was placed under house arrest after Chiang was freed
and was taken to Taiwan in the late 1940’s a short time before the Nationalists
fled there after being defeated by the Communists. He lived under house
arrest for several decades but was allowed to leave Taiwan in 1991 after
it had democratized. He moved to Hawaii in 1994. Taiwanese President Chen
Shui-bian cabled condolences to Chang’s family, the Taiwanese government
With Chang’s death, the sole remaining eminent
figure from the China of the 1930’s and 1940’s is Madame Chiang Kai-shek,
who is 104 and lives in New York.
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INTERNATIONAL: China Maintaining
Tight Security for Bush Visit
SUMMARY: (10/16) - In the wake of the September 11 terrorist atrocities
in the United States, China is maintaining extra-tight security for the
upcoming APEC meeting, which U.S. President George W. Bush will attend.
“Shanghai has always been a very safe place, and we don’t want to see any
terrorists in here,?said Yang Guoqiang, who heads the city’s office preparing
for the conference.
There are many facets to China’s security measures. In recent days Chinese
airliners have stopped issuing tickets to most travelers from 19 countries,
including many Middle Eastern nations. The Foreign Ministry claimed October
14 that airlines had misunderstood its instructions, but the next day various
ticket agents said the policy was still in place. China has also stopped
giving out visas to people from the 19 countries, and many visas of people
in China who are from those countries have not been extended, forcing them
Eight SU-27 fighter jets will patrol over Shanghai, state media has
reported, and Navy gunboats will patrol the Huangpu River, which goes through
the city. Fighter jets will escort the planes of heads of state when they
enter Chinese airspace. Trucks have been banned from the city for most
of the week leading up to the conference. Shanghai residents were given
a holiday from October 17th to the 21st; large parts of the city have been
cordoned off and vacated except for people with special passes. A 100,000-member
security force will be used to protect the visiting dignitaries.
The Ritz-Carlton Hotel, where Bush will stay, has spent $200,000 on
extra surveillance and security. “There was always a heightened awareness
of security concerns in preparation for the visit,?said the general manager,
Mark DeCocinis. “The terrorist attacks made it escalate even more.?
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U.S.-CHINA RELATIONS: U.S.
Will Not Allow Helicopter Parts to be Sold to China
SUMMARY: (10/17; 10/18) - The administration of U.S.
President George W. Bush will not issue a waiver of sanctions imposed in
1989 to allow Black Hawk helicopter spare parts to be sold to China. White
House spokesman Ari Fleischer informed the public of that decision after
The Washington Post published a story saying the administration was considering
issuing a waiver of the prohibition on selling military equipment to China
in order to make the sale of the spare parts.
The 24 Sikorsky S-70C Black Hawk helicopters,
bought in 1984, are designed for general use and search-and-rescue missions
in high altitudes such as exist in much of China and on the Chinese-Afghan
border. The helicopters?engines make them good for mountainous regions.
At least a couple of the helicopters have crashed, and the fleet is thought
by China experts not to be currently operating.
In the wake of the September 11 terrorist attacks
in the United States which killed thousands of Americans along with some
foreign nationals, America has asked China for help in its war on international
terrorism. China has said that “the Chinese people stand with the American
people and the international community in the fight against terrorism.?#060;/font>
However, Fleischer maintained that “there is no
quid pro quo on assistance that China may be giving in our counterterrorism
efforts, intelligence or otherwise.?#060;/font>
The sanctions, imposed after the Tiananmen massacre
in June 1989, have forbidden spare parts, maintenance and field support
for the helicopters. While helicopter parts won’t be sold, sources report
that the administration is still considering issuing a waiver to sell other
military equipment with uses such as aiding public security or countering
chemical or other terrorist attacks.
Before Fleischer dismissed the idea that President
Bush would waive sanctions for the helicopter parts, Chinese Vice Foreign
Minister Wang Guangya said China is opposed to sanctions and that China
and the United States should resolve disagreements through dialogue. “If
the U.S. is going to lift sanctions, it is a welcome move,?he said.
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DOMESTIC: China Clamps
Down on Suspected Muslim Separatists
(10/18) China has charged that Islamic separatists in its northwest region
threaten China’s security and should be severally dealt with as a part
of the global war on terrorism. Foreign Ministry spokesman Sun Yuxi
told a news conference that, “Terrorist activities committed by violent
Eastern Turkestan activists in China’s Xinjiang have posed a threat not
only to the security and stability of China, but of the whole region as
Following the September 11 terrorist attacks in the U.S., China has
launched an anti-crime, anti-separatist campaign in Urumqi, Xinjiang’s
capital city, and closed borders with its northwestern neighbors.
China has also asked for international support in its own domestic “war
on terrorism?against ethnic Uighur militants who have been fighting for
a separate homeland they call East Turkestan.
According to the East Turkestan Information Center (ETIC), a small group
of overseas organizations lobbying for the creation of the Uighar state,
this week China has sentenced five “splittists?to death and seven others
with jail terms due to their alleged links to terrorist groups.
On of those Uighars convicted to death is Abulmejed. An ETIC spokesman
said that Abulmejed was the leader of a 1997 demonstration turned riot
that killed nine people and injured more than 200 in the border town on
Yining. Three weeks later a series of bombs killed nine more
people in Urumqi and prompted a police to crack down on separatist activity.
Rights groups have charged China with using the current international
situation as an excuse to arrest and repress Muslims in the Xinjiang region.
Chinese dissidents called on world leaders attending the Shanghai summit
to stop Beijing from using the war on terrorism as a pretext to suppress
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The U.S. and China This
Last updated: October 05, 2001