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Week of November 3, 2000

Week of August 17, 2001

The U.S. and China This Week


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U.S.-CHINA RELATIONS: China Rejects U.S. Offer for Plane Expenses

SUMMARY: (8/13) ?The Chinese government has rejected as inadequate an offer by the U.S. to pay it for expenses associated with the landing of the American spy plane on Hainan Island. The crew of the plane was held for 11 days after the EP-3E aircraft collided with a Chinese fighter jet near the Chinese coast on April 1. The Chinese pilot, Wang Wei, lost his life and his plane crashed into the South China Sea.

China said the U.S. should pay it $1 million for expenses holding the crew and the aircraft, which was eventually cut up into boxes and flown back to the U.S. in a cargo plane. The U.S. has offered a “non-negotiable?payment of $34,567 for part of the period the crew was housed and work associated with the plane. “The so-called decision is unacceptable to China both in its content and its form,?Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Zhang Qiyue said. “We urge the U.S. side to correct its erroneous decision.?#060;/font>

The U.S. appears to have tried to discern from China’s bill what were inevitable costs associated with the plane landing on Chinese territory. Pentagon officials said the U.S. offer was only for “a couple of days?of food and housing; the U.S. government believes the crew should have been released much sooner. Pentagon spokesman Rear Admiral Craig Quigley said the offer included payment “for the material and contracts and whatnot?needed to retrieve the aircraft. However, the U.S. has maintained that the plane could have been fixed and flown out of China, a less expensive option China rejected.
 


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DOMESTIC: World Bank Funded Research Contradicts China’s Pollution Claims

SUMMARY:  (8/15) - New evidence funded by the World Bank contradicts China’s claims that it is significantly lowering greenhouse gas emissions.
Nobuhiro Horii, of Japan’s Institute of Developing Economies, said coal mines in Hunan province that the Beijing government ordered closed were in fact
kept open. Horii maintained talks he had with people in other provinces indicated the problem was nation-wide. Horii also said improving energy efficiency
takes about a decade, and China’s claims to be increasing energy efficiency in carbon dioxide production in much faster time are not credible. “Yes, China is
increasing energy efficiency, but they are doing it slowly, like everyone else,?he said.

In April, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California reported that since 1996, China’s energy output had fallen 17 percent and its
carbon dioxide emissions had fallen 14 percent even as China’s economy grew by 36 percent. That same month the European Union office in Beijing found
that over five years, China had increased energy efficiency by 50 percent and diminished coal use by 30 percent.

However, a report put out by the U.S. embassy in Beijing this month claims China’s greenhouse gas emissions have hardly dropped any, if at all. And at a
recent conference in Beijing, a Chinese scientist maintained that China will modify its coal consumption total for 1999, taking away half the reductions it
previously claimed. Other research indicates China has underreported consumption of oil. Vehicle traffic in Chinese cities has approximately doubled every
five years, yet China reported oil consumption increasing just 11.4 percent between 1996 and 1999.

Zhou Dadi, director of the Energy Research Institute of the Chinese government’s State Development Planning Commission, said while doubts about
China’s energy statistics are understandable, “we are clearly decreasing our coal consumption.?


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INTERNATIONAL: China Allows Protests of Japanese Leader’s Visit to Shrine

SUMMARY: (8/15) - Chinese police stood and watched protests in Beijing and Shanghai against Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi’s visit to a
Tokyo shrine for war dead. “Boycott Japanese goods!?called 61-year-old Bi Jixin, reading a protest letter outside the Japanese embassy in Beijing; he was
later allowed to deliver the message. According to the official Xinhua news agency, dozens of university students protested outside the Japanese embassy
and on campus on August 15th. There was also a protest at a memorial in Nanjing, where Chinese figures say Imperial Japanese troops massacred at least
300,000 civilians in 1937. Banners displayed there said “Don’t forget the past.?#060;/font>

In Beijing, at least three groups of students protested separately. At one point, three young Chinese men, thought to be students, burned makeshift Japanese
flags and yelled obscenities.  “We want to show that not all Chinese are weak,?one of the men yelled. In Shanghai, outside the Japanese consulate,
protesters pinned up banners; one sign the police later took down read, “We vehemently oppose the visit to the shrine.?#060;/font>

The gatherings were the first protests aimed at foreigners known to have been permitted in China since the anti-U.S. and anti-British protests that followed
NATO’s accidental bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade, Yugoslavia two years ago. The Foreign Ministry condemned the visit, and called in the
Japanese ambassador to China to reinforce the message. Japan attacked and occupied much of China and other parts of Asia before and during the Second
World War. Analysts say China allowed the anti-Japan protests to show its anger at the shrine visit and to allow ordinary citizens a limited opportunity to let
out their emotions.
 
 


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DOMESTIC: Censors Shut Down Marxist Journal for Criticism of Jiang

SUMMARY: (8/16) - Chinese Censors have shut down a Marxist journal, Pursuit of Truth, which ran articles criticizing President Jiang Zemin’s decision to
admit capitalists into the Communist Party. The small but influential publication ran two articles in particular that are said to have riled Jiang. In the May
issue, Lin Yanzhi, a deputy party secretary in Jilin province and son of a revolutionary founder, wrote capitalists would “seize power within the party and
change the party’s nature.?In the next month’s issue, Zheng Tianxiang, a retired supreme court judge, said corruption and spread of private property might
bring about “a collapsed party and a collapsed country.?Tianxiang asked, “If capitalists join the party can it still be the vanguard of the working class??#060;/font>

Leftists in recent weeks have circulated a rebuke of Jiang on the Internet; so far, 17 prominent individuals have signed it. That document says Jiang has
endangered socialism, established a “cult of personality,?and plotted a “theoretical coup d’etat?by taking capitalists into the Party.

Pursuit of Truth was founded in 1990 and is edited by Yu Quanyu, a retired propaganda official. Yu signed the Internet rebuke of Jiang. Jiang’s theory of
Communism holds that the Communist Party must represent “advanced  productive forces, advanced Chinese culture and the fundamental interest of the
majority.?He announced July 1 that capitalists could now join the Party. Chinese leftists argue that the spread of private enterprise will increase corruption
and lead to exploitation of workers and peasants.
 
 


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