Week of November 3, 2000
Week of August 10, 2001
The U.S. and China This Week
Falun Gong Devastated by Crackdown
- Two years after the Chinese governmennt’s crackdown on Falun Gong began,
the spiritual group has been decimated. “Falun Gong has been creative and
has staying power far beyond what people thought,?a Western expert said.
But as an organized protest movement it’s basically crushed.?According
to internal Chinese research, Falun Gong once had tens of millions of members
in China. Now estimates are that the group has only tens or hundreds of
thousands of members. Those individuals still with the movement are clandestine
and practice at home. On July 22, the two-year anniversary of the crackdown,
just four protesters were arrested in Tiananmen Square.
The crackdown has involved arrests, reeducation
programs, negative campaigning in the media, and, according to human rights
groups, torture. “We are close to completely wiping out Falun Gong,?State
Council official Zhao Chongxing said last month. Last January, several
Falun Gong members set themselves on fire in Tiananmen Square and two died.
That incident and the media attacks have eroded whatever legitimacy the
group had with ordinary Chinese, even though Falun Gong officials in the
US claim the group does not condone suicide and that the incident in Tiananmen
Square was unsanctioned.
Recently, the Beijing government put on an anti-Falun
Gong exhibit at the downtown Museum of Military Affairs. There were more
than 850 photographs, drawings and editorials about 134 alleged cases of
Falun Gong members hurting themselves or others. The English-language China
Daily warned of “lurking danger,?spiritual poison,?and “bloodcurdling
mayhem?brought about by the sect.
Falun Gong remains legal in Hong Kong, which has
widespread autonomy under the “one country, two systems?formula that was
set up for its governance when it became part of China again in 1997. However,
Hong Kong’s chief executive, Tung Chee-hwa, has called the sect an “evil
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RELATIONS: President Jiang Meets With U.S. Senators
SUMMARY: (8/8) - Chinese
President Jiang Zemin met with a group of U.S. senators August 8 and discussed
various issues, including National Missile Defense (NMD), missile technology
exports, and detained scholars with U.S. ties. According to Senator Joseph
Biden (D-Del.), who headed the delegation, Jiang did not directly answer
a question Biden asked about how China would react if the U.S. got Russia
to accept America developing NMD. Instead, Jiang talked generally about
the post-Cold War world; Biden interpreted Jiang’s response as showing
flexibility. “I don’t think it’s the highest thing on their agenda,?Biden
maintained. “It just didn’t seem to be the compelling issue for them at
But Defense Minister Chi
Haotian, in a separate meeting with the delegation, said NMD would be “detrimental
to trust among nations around the world.?Biden said Jiang asserted China
is abiding by all pledges on arms proliferation, and made a point of stressing
China is not exporting missile technology to North Korea. Biden said Jiang
indicated it would be bad if Korea had the capability to launch missiles.
On the issue of detained scholars with ties to the U.S., Biden said Jiang
agreed with another member of the delegation, Senator Arlen Specter (R-Pa.),
that the U.S. and China should negotiate an agreement delineating the rights
of American citizens detained in China.
Besides Biden and Specter,
the delegation consisted of Senators Fred D. Thompson (R-Tenn.) and Paul
S. Sarbanes (D-Md.).
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China Censors Memoirs of Lee Kuan Yew
SUMMARY: (8/8) - Chinese censors
are deleting and rewriting sections of the second volume of memoirs of
Lee Kuan Yew, who governed Singapore for 30 years, according to publishers
in China and Singapore. China has recently closed several newspapers and
warned editors not to go public with controversial stories before the 16th
Communist Party Congress next year.
Zeng Huijie, an editor for
the Chinese Foreign Language Press, said her company is rewriting sections
of Lee’s book, The Singapore Story, which was published in Singapore last
September and in Hong Kong and Taiwan last October. “Some of his political
opinions may not be accepted here by the authorities, so they are changed
in many places,?Zeng said.
In the book, Lee writes
a considerable amount about China. While most of what he says is positive,
at one point he maintains that Communism hurt China. He also criticizes
high-ranking Communist Party official Li Peng. However, he praises President
Jiang Zemin and former leader Deng Xiaoping. The first volume of Lee’s
work came out in China a month after it was published in Singapore in September
1998. Sections about Lee’s efforts to suppress Communism in Southeast Asia
in the 1950s and 1960s were struck from the Chinese version of that volume.
An editor at Lianhe Zaobao
publishing house in Singapore, which published Lee’s book, said Lee or
a publishing house representative would look over the Chinese version before
it is published. The official said only Taiwan published the book without
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The U.S. and China This
Last updated: 16 Aug. 2001