Week of November 3, 2000
Week of August 3, 2001
The U.S. and China This Week
U.S.-CHINA RELATIONS: Powell Meets With Chinese
SUMMARY: (7/29; 7/30) - U.S.
Secretary of State Colin Powell traveled to Beijing July 28 and held separate
meetings with Chinese President Jiang Zemin, Premier Zhu Rongji and Deputy
Prime Minister Qian Qichen. Powell gave a 24-minute interview, a censored
version of which was shown twice on state-run national television. In it
he described China as “a very important nation that is going through a
period of transformation.?He added, “We view China as a friend, not as
an adversary.?China permitted broadcast of Powell discussing America’s
human rights advances during his lifetime.
Powell said after the meetings that he had assured
Chinese leaders National Missile Defense (NMD) will be a limited venture
and is not meant to threaten China’s strategic position. He said China
had a different viewpoint, but that “that’s why friends talk to each other.?
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Sun Yuxi said China had not modified
its stance against NMD, but that it was willing to keep talking about the
issue. He refused to respond to Powell’s criticisms of China on human rights
and legal matters. Before meeting with Powell, Premier Zhu, “We attach
great importance to your visit because it comes at a critical juncture
of bilateral ties.?#060;/font>
Chinese and American officials said there would
be a series of meetings between America and China on economic and trade
issues in coming months, and that the two nations will convene a joint
military committee to prevent what Sun called “accidents?near China’s
coast. There will also be a continuation of the official human rights dialogue
that was suspended after NATO’s accidental bombing of the Chinese embassy
in Serbia in May 1999. China and the U.S. will also negotiate over the
issue of export of missile technology, as China moves toward developing
concrete regulations for such exports.
Powell told Foreign Minister Tang Jiaxuan that
a buildup of missiles opposite Taiwan would increase Taiwan’s insecurity
and make future weapons sales from the U.S. more likely. Tang denied the
existence of a missile buildup.
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U.S.-CHINA RELATIONS: U.S.-China
Relations On the Upswing
SUMMARY: (7/30) - Secretary of State Colin Powell sounded encouraging
about U.S.-China relations after his one-day visit to Beijing July 28.
He said he
told Chinese leaders that the U.S. wishes to improve economic and trade
ties with China and work with it to lessen the possibility of conflicts
Powell said he was heartened by the fact that “they reinforced their
view that America does belong in the Pacific ?in the Asia-Pacific region
welcome American presence as a stabilizing factor.?Asked about China’s
military buildup, Powell replied, “I would expect the Chinese military
modernize and transform itself and to use some of its newfound wealth
to do that. This is not shocking or surprising to me.?
In an interview, an edited version of which was shown on Chinese state-run
national television, Powell told Chinese that “Washington is not in a
confrontational mood.?More than once on his Asian tour Powell said
China “is a nation that need not be seen as an enemy.?
Chinese officials have reciprocated the warm attitude in recent dealings,
American diplomats say. “Even if the Bush administration hasn’t always
friendly to China, China is trying to do all it can to improve relations,?
said Yan Xuetong, director of the Institute of International Studies at
University. Yan said Chinese leaders believe that major conflict with
the U.S. will harm China’s economic modernization.
Kenneth Lieberthal, President Clinton’s chief China advisor and a University
of Michigan scholar, said, “The Chinese have made it clear that their concerns
are overwhelmingly internal.?
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U.S.-CHINA RELATIONS: Scholar
Returns to Hong Kong After Spying Conviction
SUMMARY: (7/31) - American Li Shaomin, recently
convicted by China of spying for Taiwan, returned to Hong Kong July 30.
He is attempting to
reassume his teaching post at the City University
of Hong Kong. A Hong Kong government spokesman said the authorities would
“not allow anybody in
Hong Kong to undertake espionage activities and
jeopardize the interests of Hong Kong and the state.?That statement was
read to Li at the airport.
However, officials indicated Li would likely
be allowed to resume teaching. The decision as to whether or not he will
be able to do so was to be made
August 3 by the six-member executive committee
of the university. According to University President Chang Hsin-kang, who
is on the committee, Li met
with school management August 2.
“I don’t want to be a celebrity,?Li said recently,
adding that he wanted “to return to live a normal life in Hong Kong.?Li’s
father, Li Honglin, lives in Hong
Kong. The elder Li advised the late Communist
Party chief Hu Yaobang and was incarcerated for 10 months for sympathizing
with the Tiananmen student
demonstrators after the 1989 crackdown.
A colleague at City University stated, “This indicates
that the university, as well as the Hong Kong government, are being open-minded.
So long as he can
resume his teaching duties at the university,
we consider the matter resolved.?Supporters of Li had argued for his return
on grounds he had a valid work
visa and that Hong Kong, although a part of China,
is a separate legal jurisdiction from the mainland.
“Granted, we are a separate jurisdiction,?commented
former solicitor general Daniel Fung. “But it is still sovereign Chinese
that the national Chinese government most likely
made the choice to allow Li into Hong Kong, and that the decision was made
for political rather than
Li’s return to Hong Kong reaffirmed the “one country,
two systems?formula, by which Hong Kong retains considerable autonomy
even as it is part of
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China. Martin Lee, a prominent supporter of democracy,
stated, “I would hope that this would be the beginning of better things
to come, that Hong Kong
will be allowed to make more decisions on its
U.S.-CHINA RELATIONS: China
Formally Charges U.S. Citizen
SUMMARY: (8/1; 8/2) - The Chinese government has
formally charged U.S. citizen Wu Jianmin with “endangering state security.?
The Chinese-born Wu,
46, was arrested four months ago in southern
Guangdong province. Wu is a Hong Kong-based journalist who has covered
the mainland and been an editor
at Hong Kong’s The Express magazine, according
to the Information Center for Human Rights and Democracy. He worked at
a state newspaper in
southern China from 1986 to 1988, the center
reported. He also formerly taught at the Communist Party School in Beijing.
The center tied Wu’s arrest to the publication
of the Tiananmen Papers, which according to its editors contains transcripts
of discussions by top-level policy
makers before the suppression of the pro-democracy
protests in June 1989. The Communist Party School is one of the few institutions
allowed to analyze
the protests and their aftermath, and the Tiananmen
Papers could have originated from there, according to the center. Wu wrote
a book about the
Tiananmen incident, in which hundreds or possibly
even thousands of demonstrators were killed.
The Chinese government maintains that the Tiananmen
Papers are “sheer fabrication.?According to the center, Wu will probably
be tried at a Guangzhou
court before U.S. President George W. Bush visits
China in October. State Department spokesman Richard Boucher said the Chinese
are still investigating
Meanwhile, Xu Zerong, a Chinese-born academic
resident in Hong Kong, still has not been formally charged. He was taken
into custody in Guangzhou in
mid-August 2000, where he was a researcher at
Zhongshan University. Boucher said that in all the cases of detained scholars
in China, the U.S. wants the
Chinese to let the scholars go home to their
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DOMESTIC: Falun Gong Member
Dies From Torture, Rights Group Claims
SUMMARY: (8/2) - The Hong Kong-based Information
Center for Human Rights and Democracy has claimed that Falun Gong member
Li Changjun was
tortured to death by the Chinese police. Li,
33, was detained May 16 after he was caught downloading and printing Falun
Gong material from the Internet,
the center reported. Forty days later, on June
27, the police informed his family of his death. He had been detained before
for Falun Gong related offenses.
His mother was allowed to view his body and said
it had many red bruises and scars. His neck and ears had been beaten purple,
she maintained, and he had
lost a significant amount of weight. She said
he was healthy before he was taken into custody.
Li worked at the land tax bureau of Wuhan city
in central China’s Hubei province. Another Falun Gong member detained by
the Wuhan police said five
days before Li died, he was beaten unconscious.
Li is the 156th member of Falun Gong to die in police custody during Beijing’s
crackdown on the group,
according to the center. Falun Gong’s New York
headquarters claims the figure is actually more than 259. China says any
deaths in police custody have
been natural ones or suicides. A police official
declined to comment on Li’s case.
Last month, Falun Gong in New York filed suit
a civil suit there against Zhao Zhifei, second in command of Hubei’s ?10?
office, which was set up to
handle the crack down on Falun Gong and other
spiritual groups. The suit alleges torture, murder and crimes against humanity,
and is being brought under
the Torture Victim Protection Act and the Alien
Tort Claims Act.
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The U.S. and China This
Last updated: 16 July 2001