• Introduction
• Founders and Board Members
• Honorary Advisors
• Foundation Events
• China This Week
• Washington Journal of Modern China
• US-China Policy Review
• China Forum
• USPCF Staff
• Other Links
Week of November 3, 2000

Week of August 3, 2001

The U.S. and China This Week


Next Summary


U.S.-CHINA RELATIONS: Powell Meets With Chinese Leaders

SUMMARY: (7/29; 7/30) - U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell traveled to Beijing July 28 and held separate meetings with Chinese President Jiang Zemin, Premier Zhu Rongji and Deputy Prime Minister Qian Qichen. Powell gave a 24-minute interview, a censored version of which was shown twice on state-run national television. In it he described China as “a very important nation that is going through a period of transformation.?He added, “We view China as a friend, not as an adversary.?China permitted broadcast of Powell discussing America’s human rights advances during his lifetime.

Powell said after the meetings that he had assured Chinese leaders National Missile Defense (NMD) will be a limited venture and is not meant to threaten China’s strategic position. He said China had a different viewpoint, but that “that’s why friends talk to each other.? Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Sun Yuxi said China had not modified its stance against NMD, but that it was willing to keep talking about the issue. He refused to respond to Powell’s criticisms of China on human rights and legal matters. Before meeting with Powell, Premier Zhu, “We attach great importance to your visit because it comes at a critical juncture of bilateral ties.?#060;/font>

Chinese and American officials said there would be a series of meetings between America and China on economic and trade issues in coming months, and that the two nations will convene a joint military committee to prevent what Sun called “accidents?near China’s coast. There will also be a continuation of the official human rights dialogue that was suspended after NATO’s accidental bombing of the Chinese embassy in Serbia in May 1999. China and the U.S. will also negotiate over the issue of export of missile technology, as China moves toward developing concrete regulations for such exports.

Powell told Foreign Minister Tang Jiaxuan that a buildup of missiles opposite Taiwan would increase Taiwan’s insecurity and make future weapons sales from the U.S. more likely. Tang denied the existence of a missile buildup.
 


Previous Summary || Next Summary


U.S.-CHINA RELATIONS: U.S.-China Relations On the Upswing

SUMMARY:  (7/30) - Secretary of State Colin Powell sounded encouraging about U.S.-China relations after his one-day visit to Beijing July 28. He said he
told Chinese leaders that the U.S. wishes to improve economic and trade ties with China and work with it to lessen the possibility of conflicts in Asia.
Powell said he was heartened by the fact that “they reinforced their view that America does belong in the Pacific ?in the Asia-Pacific region ?and they
welcome American presence as a stabilizing factor.?Asked about China’s military buildup, Powell replied, “I would expect the Chinese military to
modernize and transform itself and to use some of its newfound wealth to do that. This is not shocking or surprising to me.?

In an interview, an edited version of which was shown on Chinese state-run national television, Powell told Chinese that “Washington is not in a
confrontational mood.?More than once on his Asian tour Powell said China “is a nation that need not be seen as an enemy.?

Chinese officials have reciprocated the warm attitude in recent dealings, American diplomats say. “Even if the Bush administration hasn’t always been so
friendly to China, China is trying to do all it can to improve relations,? said Yan Xuetong, director of the Institute of International Studies at Qinghua
University. Yan said Chinese leaders believe that major conflict with the U.S. will harm China’s economic modernization.

Kenneth Lieberthal, President Clinton’s chief China advisor and a University of Michigan scholar, said, “The Chinese have made it clear that their concerns
are overwhelmingly internal.?


Previous Summary || Next Summary


U.S.-CHINA RELATIONS: Scholar Returns to Hong Kong After Spying Conviction

SUMMARY:  (7/31) - American Li Shaomin, recently convicted by China of spying for Taiwan, returned to Hong Kong July 30. He is attempting to
reassume his teaching post at the City University of Hong Kong. A Hong Kong government spokesman said the authorities would “not allow anybody in
Hong Kong to undertake espionage activities and jeopardize the interests of Hong Kong and the state.?That statement was read to Li at the airport.
However, officials indicated Li would likely be allowed to resume teaching. The decision as to whether or not he will be able to do so was to be made
August 3 by the six-member executive committee of the university. According to University President Chang Hsin-kang, who is on the committee, Li met
with school management August 2.

“I don’t want to be a celebrity,?Li said recently, adding that he wanted “to return to live a normal life in Hong Kong.?Li’s father, Li Honglin, lives in Hong
Kong. The elder Li advised the late Communist Party chief Hu Yaobang and was incarcerated for 10 months for sympathizing with the Tiananmen student
demonstrators after the 1989 crackdown.

A colleague at City University stated, “This indicates that the university, as well as the Hong Kong government, are being open-minded. So long as he can
resume his teaching duties at the university, we consider the matter resolved.?Supporters of Li had argued for his return on grounds he had a valid work
visa and that Hong Kong, although a part of China, is a separate legal jurisdiction from the mainland.

“Granted, we are a separate jurisdiction,?commented former solicitor general Daniel Fung. “But it is still sovereign Chinese territory.?Experts maintain
that the national Chinese government most likely made the choice to allow Li into Hong Kong, and that the decision was made for political rather than
legal reasons.

Li’s return to Hong Kong reaffirmed the “one country, two systems?formula, by which Hong Kong retains considerable autonomy even as it is part of
China. Martin Lee, a prominent supporter of democracy, stated, “I would hope that this would be the beginning of better things to come, that Hong Kong
will be allowed to make more decisions on its own.?#060;/font>
 


Previous Summary || Next Summary

 

U.S.-CHINA RELATIONS: China Formally Charges U.S. Citizen

SUMMARY: (8/1; 8/2) - The Chinese government has formally charged U.S. citizen Wu Jianmin with “endangering state security.? The Chinese-born Wu,
46, was arrested four months ago in southern Guangdong province. Wu is a Hong Kong-based journalist who has covered the mainland and been an editor
at Hong Kong’s The Express magazine, according to the Information Center for Human Rights and Democracy. He worked at a state newspaper in
southern China from 1986 to 1988, the center reported. He also formerly taught at the Communist Party School in Beijing.

The center tied Wu’s arrest to the publication of the Tiananmen Papers, which according to its editors contains transcripts of discussions by top-level policy
makers before the suppression of the pro-democracy protests in June 1989. The Communist Party School is one of the few institutions allowed to analyze
the protests and their aftermath, and the Tiananmen Papers could have originated from there, according to the center. Wu wrote a book about the
Tiananmen incident, in which hundreds or possibly even thousands of demonstrators were killed.

The Chinese government maintains that the Tiananmen Papers are “sheer fabrication.?According to the center, Wu will probably be tried at a Guangzhou
court before U.S. President George W. Bush visits China in October. State Department spokesman Richard Boucher said the Chinese are still investigating
Wu’s case.

Meanwhile, Xu Zerong, a Chinese-born academic resident in Hong Kong, still has not been formally charged. He was taken into custody in Guangzhou in
mid-August 2000, where he was a researcher at Zhongshan University. Boucher said that in all the cases of detained scholars in China, the U.S. wants the
Chinese to let the scholars go home to their families.
 


Previous Summary || Next Summary


DOMESTIC: Falun Gong Member Dies From Torture, Rights Group Claims

SUMMARY:  (8/2) - The Hong Kong-based Information Center for Human Rights and Democracy has claimed that Falun Gong member Li Changjun was
tortured to death by the Chinese police. Li, 33, was detained May 16 after he was caught downloading and printing Falun Gong material from the Internet,
the center reported. Forty days later, on June 27, the police informed his family of his death. He had been detained before for Falun Gong related offenses.
His mother was allowed to view his body and said it had many red bruises and scars. His neck and ears had been beaten purple, she maintained, and he had
lost a significant amount of weight. She said he was healthy before he was taken into custody.

Li worked at the land tax bureau of Wuhan city in central China’s Hubei province. Another Falun Gong member detained by the Wuhan police said five
days before Li died, he was beaten unconscious. Li is the 156th member of Falun Gong to die in police custody during Beijing’s crackdown on the group,
according to the center. Falun Gong’s New York headquarters claims the figure is actually more than 259. China says any deaths in police custody have
been natural ones or suicides. A police official declined to comment on Li’s case.

Last month, Falun Gong in New York filed suit a civil suit there against Zhao Zhifei, second in command of Hubei’s ?10? office, which was set up to
handle the crack down on Falun Gong and other spiritual groups. The suit alleges torture, murder and crimes against humanity, and is being brought under
the Torture Victim Protection Act and the Alien Tort Claims Act.


Previous Summary || Next Summary

Top of Page


The U.S. and China This Week
 

USCPF Homepage


uscpf@uscpf.org

 
 
 
 
 

Last updated: 16 July 2001

 
   316 Pennsylvania Avenue SE, Suite 201-202 • Washington DC 20003 • phone: 202.547.8615 • fax: 202.547.8853