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Week of November 3, 2000

Week of February 23, 2001

The U.S. and China This Week


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U.S.-CHINA RELATIONS: U.S. Again Protests Alleged China Fiber-optic Aid to Iraq

SUMMARY: U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell asked Chinese Ambassador Yang Jiechi February 21 for an explanation regarding what America claims is
fiber-optic assistance to Iraq by China, State Department spokesman Richard Boucher reported. According to U.S. national security advisor Condoleeza Rice, “under the [U.N.] sanctions regime, there appears to be a problem.?The U.S. and Britain last week bombed Iraqi radar and fiber-optic telecommunications nodes. According to U.S. officials, Iraq was in the process of linking its anti-aircraft systems with fiber-optic cables from China, which would have jeopardized American and British pilots enforcing the no-fly zone over parts of Iraq. Pentagon sources said the bombing occurred on Friday, the Muslim sabbath, so as not to endanger Chinese construction personnel.

This is the third time that America has complained to China about fiber-optic aid to Iraq. United Nations sanctions stipulate that all Iraqi imports are to be paid for by an account operated by the U.N. sanctions committee out of Iraqi export revenue, and no imports are to aid Iraq’s military.
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhu Bangzao denied America’s claim, maintaining that it is an attempt to distract attention from the bombing of Iraq. He said China has “always strictly and seriously?upheld U.N. Security Council actions on Iraq. But a U.S. expert who in recent months held talks with high-level Chinese officials said China is using Iraq to counter American power and potentially to learn how to improve its own air defenses, including those opposite Taiwan.

Zhu has condemned the U.S. and British bombing of Iraq, which he maintained violated Iraqi sovereignty and territorial integrity and went against “normal standards of international relations.?#060;/font>


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INTERNATIONAL: China Attempts to Use Human Rights to Attract Olympics

SUMMARY: In a recent interview, a key Chinese Olympic official said holding the Olympics in Beijing would improve human rights in China. Beijing is
competing with Paris, Toronto, Istanbul and Osaka for the 2008 Olympics; the decision on the host city is due in July.

Beijing Deputy Mayor Liu Jingmin said in applying for the Olympics, China was aiming not just to further Beijing’s development, but also to promote
democracy and human rights. “In the past few years, we’ve improved a lot,?he said. “There are fewer poor people, grass-roots democracy is developing bit
by bit, and the media have more freedom and criticize the government regularly.?If Beijing wins the Olympics, Liu said, “it will help us establish a more
just and harmonious society, a more democratic society, and help integrate China into the world.?#060;/font>

Various groups critical of the Chinese government have maintained that China does not deserve to host the Olympics. Some have called on the
International Olympic Committee to urge China to release religious figures and political dissidents from incarceration. But some groups, including Falun
Gong and various China-based supporters of democracy, have endorsed Beijing's Olympics bid in hopes it will spur human rights concessions.

An inspection group from the IOC arrived in Beijing February 21 for a five-day visit to evaluate the city’s application to host the Olympics. Its head, Hein
Verbruggen, described the team’s visit as purely for sport and technical considerations. Political issues, he indicated, will be evaluated by the individual
IOC members.


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          U.S.-CHINA RELATIONS: Chinese Test-Prep School Sued By ETS

SUMMARY: The Educational Testing Service has filed a lawsuit in China against Michael Yu’s New Oriental test-prep school, a popular vehicle for
Chinese students studying for American standardized tests such as the Test of English as a Foreign Language, the Graduate Record Examinations and the
Graduate Management Admission Test. ETS accuses Yu of illegally distributing copies of old exams and stealing questions for future exams. For his part,
Yu admits to violating copyright laws by using old exams, but blames ETS for allowing American students to purchase old tests but not Chinese students.
Yu denies stealing questions from future tests.

In November, ETS got Chinese authorities to raid Wu’s school, New Oriental, and confiscate thousands of illegally held used tests. In its lawsuit, ETS is
seeking damages, legal compensation, a public apology and the destruction of all illegally held ETS materials. Should ETS lose in court, officials said, it
may no longer test in China.

ETS saw a big increase in Chinese GRE scores last year, company officials said, and materials confiscated from Wu’s school included questions that are still
asked on ETS tests. “Through intensive coaching that includes exposure to undisclosed test questions, certain individuals in China may have gained unfair
advantage in taking the tests,?the GRE and TOEFL boards told U.S. universities. ETS has told American universities to carefully inspect Chinese
applications, especially ones with very high test scores.
 


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INTERNATIONAL: E.U. Meets With China on Human Rights, Freedoms


SUMMARY: The European Union began two days of meetings with China on February 22 in Stockholm, Sweden as part of a regular dialogue on human
rights. According to Swedish Foreign Ministry spokesman Bertil Jobeus, the talks were to revolve around human rights, freedom of expression and religion,
the death penalty and torture. The EU delegation had as its leader ambassador Thomas Hammarberg of Sweden, which presently has the EU’s six-month
rotating presidency, while China was represented by Li Baodong, a foreign ministry official responsible for human rights.

Jobeus said the EU wants China to ratify and implement the UN covenants on civil and political rights, and to work with “human rights mechanisms?such
as the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. He said the EU would also urge China to hold fair and impartial trials where the accused
has a right to defense as well as to implement “guarantees to strengthen legal protection with regard to the death penalty.?Jobeus also said conditions in
autonomous regions of China, including Tibet and Xinjiang, would probably be discussed.


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The U.S. and China This Week
The U.S. and China This Week

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