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Week of November 3, 2000

Week of February 9, 2001

The U.S. and China This Week

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U.S.-CHINA RELATIONS: Senator Lugar Highlights Importance of China to U.S.

SUMMARY:U.S. Senator Richard Lugar (R-IN) told the U.S.-China Business Council February 1 that the “we must be
attentive to our relations with China now, as we would be if we were in a crisis situation.?He maintained that for now, what he deemed the current U.S. policy of “cautious engagement?of China is the best one to bring about cooperation. But he said the U.S. needs to convince China to be more stringent towards exports and increase its commitment to the Missile Technology Control Regime, for otherwise China will be strengthening the position in America of those who support stringent sanctions against it.

Lugar said that the greater China is engaged through trade, foreign investment and the WTO, the more likely it will be to act responsibly. Lugar also suggested that the U.S. should sponsor and support a resolution condemning China’s human rights abuses at the spring meeting of the U.N. Commission on Human Rights in Geneva. He said the new administration should be against the use of force to resolve the Taiwan issue and should oppose a unilateral steps toward independence by Taiwan. He added that the U.S. should make clear that it will assist Taiwan in the event of an unprovoked attack by China.

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DOMESTIC: Beijing Urges Hong Kong to Ban Falun Gong

SUMMARY: The Hong Kong Office of the Commissioner of China’s foreign ministry issued a statement lambasting
Falun Gong, saying that no group can “use Hong Kong as an anti-China base.?The statement, carried by the official
Chinese Xinhua news agency, maintained Falun Gong in Hong Kong had “already stripped away their pretensions to be
non-political, non-anti-government.?#060;/font>

On February 3, Hong Kong Executive Councilor Nellie Fong Wong Kut-man said Falun Gong should be banned on
grounds that it is an “embarrassment?and is harming Hong Kong’s relations with Beijing. Other politicians and media
have suggested Falun Gong’s status as a legal religious society be taken away, which would effectively ban it. But
human rights groups say banning Falun Gong would go against Hong Kong’s human rights laws and would violate its
autonomy under the “one country, two systems?formula.

The Chinese Foreign Ministry’s statement accused Falun Gong of tarnishing the “one country, two systems?principle as
well as damaging social stability and prosperity in Hong Kong. It said China is “firmly opposed to any foreign
government and its officials in their interference in China’s internal affairs by making use of the Falun Gong issue.?#060;/font>

Falun Gong is banned in mainland China. There are more than 10,000 Falun Gong members in Chinese labor camps and
an unknown number in psychiatric hospitals, according to human rights groups. The Hong Kong-based Information
Center for Human Rights and Democracy claims around 600 Falun Gong followers are in jail, while 112 have died in
police custody. The rights group claims seven of the deaths in custody occurred over the last two months, and that all
seven of those individuals manifested signs of beatings or mistreatment. China claims Falun Gong is an “evil cult.?#060;/font>

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           DOMESTIC: Chinese Attack on Falun Gong Draws Internal Criticism

SUMMARY: As the Chinese government continues its propaganda campaign against Falun Gong, some intellectuals,
including Communist Party officials, are becoming critical. A recent essay in the Liberation Army Daily, the official
army newspaper, declared that “Western anti-Chinese forces have spared no effort to engage in ideological infiltration to
achieve their goal of overturning our socialist system and subverting our state.?It added, “How closely this chimes with
Li Hongzhi’s political ambitions!?Hongzhi, the founder of Falun Gong, now lives in New York. An article in the Legal
Daily referred to Falun Gong members as “running dogs of foreign anti-Chinese forces.?The Liberation Army Daily
piece, referring to Li, also said that “Any scum who betrays the interests of the state and people will ultimately never
escape a despicable end of disgrace and ruin and ten thousand years of infamy.?

One Communist Party official was quoted in the New York Times as saying that “The way they’ve [the government]
used these people for ideological ends in such a crude way is really off-putting.?He added, “Every time a problem blows
up, the government reaches for the same old tricks. But it’s unwise in the long run. You go too far and people get fed
up.?Another Party member who also is an editor was quoted in the New York Times as saying with regard to Falun
Gong that “The propaganda leaders always want to take things too far.?

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INTERNATIONAL: Dutch Foreign Minister Cancels Trip To China

SUMMARY: Dutch Foreign Minister Jozias Van Aartsen postponed his scheduled February 7-13 trip to China because
the Chinese government voiced public opposition to his plan to meet Falun Gong members in Hong Kong, said a
spokesperson for Van Aartsen. The Chinese government said Van Aartsen’s decision resulted from a “scheduling
conflict,?and Chinese Foreign Minister Tang Jiaxuan said Van Aartsen could reschedule his trip.

According to Beijing-based diplomats, China could face difficulties if others follow Van Aartsen’s example. A Falun
Gong spokesperson in Hong Kong said the group wanted to tell the Dutch their grievances over China’s crackdown on
the movement, which began in July 1999.

Meanwhile, former Indian chief justice P.N. Bhagwati, one of two U.N. delegates visiting Hong Kong to assess the
human rights situation there since China’s 1997 takeover of the former British province, said so long as Falun Gong is
acting within the law the Hong Kong government has no right to object to it.

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INTERNATIONAL: China Expresses Concern As India Grants Refugee Status to Karmapa Lama

SUMMARY: The Chinese Foreign Ministry has issued a statement expressing concern over India’s handling of the 17th
Karmapa Lama, to whom India has granted refugee status. “The Indian government has clearly expressed that it will not
allow the Karmapa to engage in any anti-Chinese activities, nor will it allow any foreign force to use him to engage in
such activities,?the foreign ministry maintained. It said it hoped India would stick to such a policy.

In January 2000, at age 14, the Karmapa Lama fled across the snow-capped Himalayas from China to Dharamsala,
India, where Tibet’s government-in-exile is based. Previously the Karmapa Lama had been seen as supporting Beijing’s
efforts to develop Tibet. Tashi Wangdi, a cultural minister in the Tibet government-in-exile, said a request had been
made last year to allow the Karmapa Lama to remain in India as a refugee, and that approval had been announced to the
exiled Tibetans last week. India has a significant community of Tibetans living with their spiritual leader, the Dalai
Lama, who left Tibet after a failed uprising against China in 1959.

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DOMESTIC: Tibetan Farmer Dies in Chinese Prison

SUMMARY: A Tibetan farmer held for protesting the arrest of a popular Buddhist teacher has died in prison, according
to the Tibet Information Network (TIN). Tsering Wangdrag, who was in his 30s, was arrested after being involved in a
protest against the arrest of Sonam Phuntsog, an assistant of Phuntsog’s and another monk in October 1999. The
protest occurred in Kardze (Ganzi in Chinese), a Tibetan prefecture in Sichuan. TIN claims Tsering Wangdrag was
beaten several times in custody, including at least one time to the point of unconsciousness. He was serving a sentence
of three years and eight months in southwestern Sichuan province when he died in August. TIN reported the cause of
death as unknown. Sonam Phuntsog remains in custody, while the other two individuals arrested with him have been
released, TIN reported.

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Mainland Chinese Reporters Allowed Extended Stay In Taiwan

SUMMARY: The first mainland Chinese reporters allowed to remain in Taiwan for an extended period of time arrived
February 8. Fan Liqing and Hen Binhua will stay for a month, during which time they will cover topics ranging from
politics to economics to culture. “Hopefully our news coverage would help cross-strait relations move in a healthy
direction,?said Fan. China and Taiwan have had civil contacts since 1987, and Taiwanese journalists have worked on
rotation in mainland China for several years. In November, Taiwan decided to allow mainland Chinese journalists to
work on monthly rotation in the province.

An official from Taiwan’s Mainland Affairs Council said the mainland reporters will be allowed to cover all press
conferences in Taipei but will have to apply for coverage out of Taipei in line with a `mutually beneficial principle,?like
Taiwanese reporters in mainland China. According to the Taipei-based China Times Express, “only spokespersons or
authorised personnel will be permitted to be interviewed by mainland reporters.?Government officials will be forbidden
to speak to mainland reporters privately and will have to report to the MAC and the Government Information Office
within seven days of an interview.

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The U.S. and China This Week
The U.S. and China This Week

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