Week of December 15, 2000

The U.S. and China This Week

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DOMESTIC: Hundreds of Churches and Temples Shut down or Destroyed in Religious

SUMMARY: China has been shutting down or demolishing hundreds of churches and temples as part of a campaign to rid China of “illegal?religious groups
whom have not registered with the State Administration for Religious Affairs.

An area particularly involved in the campaign is the Ouhai district of Wenzhou city, located in eastern Zhejiang province. Since November, officials in that
area have shut down 239 unregistered religious facilities and destroyed some 210 churches and temples.  However, the Information Center for Human
Rights and Democracy has put the number of destroyed buildings much higher, at 1,200. One temple blown up in the Shifen township near Wenzhou was
the 100 year-old Yangshan temple.

According to a spokesman from the Beijing-based Administration for Religious Affairs, the crackdown was not a national one. The Hong Kong rights center
believes it is possible the central government ordered local governments to step up actions against “underground?religious groups for fear they could
disrupt society like the banned Falun Gong Spiritual group that still continues to carry out protests in Tiananmen.

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INTERNATIONAL:  U.S. Increases Pressure on China to Return a Jailed U.S. Resident

SUMMARY:  The United States is pressuring China into releasing a U.S. resident from jail after she was charge for spying and illegally providing intelligence
on the state to foreigners, and then sentenced to three years in prison.

Teng Chunyan, 37, is married to an American citizen and currently has permanent residency in the U.S.  Teng entered China earlier this year and began to
collect evidence on the detention of Falun Gong members in mental hospitals, according to a Hong-Kong based human rights monitoring group.

She was then arrested in March in the southern city of Shenzhen.  Teng was tried by the No. 1 Intermediate People’s Court in Beijing and then sentenced
for spying at a secret hearing after a November hearing.  U.S. officials were banned from attending her trial, even though Beijing is obliged to grant U.S.
diplomats access to American citizens arrested in China.  Teng, however is not yet a full citizen.

U.S. diplomats in Beijing called for her release in meetings at the Foreign Ministry, and in Washington the issue was raised with the Chinese embassy, a U.S.
official told Reuters.

The incident could be an irritant in Sino-U.S. relations as the two countries prepare to reopen human rights dialogues cut off after the U.S. bombing of
China’s embassy in Belgrade.

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         INTERNATIONAL:  Chinese Diplomats discuss UN Sanctions with Taliban Supreme Leader

SUMMARY: Early this week Chinese diplomats flew to the Taliban stronghold of Kandahar to meet with Mulla Mohammad Omar, the supreme leader of
the Islamic group.  Lu Shulin, Chinese ambassador to Pakistan, headed a three-man team to discuss UN sanctions against the Taliban under discussion in
the Security Council.

The trip by Lu to Afganistan came after the Taliban pleaded with Beijing to veto U.S-Russian requests to tighten sanctions against the ruling militia.  These
new sanctions would include travel restrictions against its officials and an arms embargo.

Results of the meeting were not discussed afterwards.  China has been concerned about the Taliban harboring Muslim separatists from the Xinjiang region
in China and training them militarily to commit cross-border terrorism.  This was denied by Foreign Minister Mutawakel.

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The U.S. and China This Week
The U.S. and China This Week

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Last updated: 22 December 2000

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