January 30th, 2004 - USCPF hosted a luncheon dialogue between Chinese Ambassador Yang Jiechi and Congressional staff members.
December 9th, 2003 - USCPF Co-hosts Premier Wen Jiabao for a dinner in his honor at the Ritz Carlton
October 21st, 2003 - USCPF Hosts Dr. Lien Chan on his visit to Washington, DC
July 14-18, 2003 - Photo exhibit honoring Madame Chiang Kai Shek's historic 1943 visit to the United States
September 5th, 2003 - Ambassador Qiu Shengyun Meets with Senators and Board Members
On September 4th and 5th, the U.S.-China Policy Foundation was honored to assist the Chinese Embassy in hosting Ambassador Qiu Shengyun as he visited the nation’s capital. On his first stop in a week-long trip to the United States Ambassador Qiu, who is the Vice President of the Chinese People’s Institute of Foreign Affairs (CPIFA), met with Senators, USCPF Board members, area China experts, and congressional staffers to discuss important issues in U.S.-China relations and improve understanding between our two countries.
The Ambassador met with many members of Congress, including USCPF honorary advisor Senator Dianne Feinstein before meeting with alumni of our Policymakers Trip to China Program. Ambassador Qiu has hosted our trip for the last few years, and he and the congressional staffers were happy to see each other again in the Lyndon B. Johnson room of the Capitol for breakfast.
With the help of board member Dr. Bates Gill, USCPF hosted a lunch with the Ambassador at the Center for Strategic and International Studies for our executive board and select area China scholars. Ambassador Qiu led a remarkably open and productive conversation ranging from China’s trade surplus with the United States to the impact of domestic politics on Sino-U.S. relations.
July 14-18 - Mayling Soong and America: A Photographic Exhibit
From July 14-18 the US-China Policy Foundation hosted a photographic exhibit in the rotunda of the Russell Senate Office Building to commemorate Madame Chiang Kai-Shek's historic visit to the United States in 1943. The exhibit was divided into several sections, covering Madame Chiang's early life, her trip to the United States in 1943, with stops in San Francisco, Los Angeles, Chicago, New York and Washington DC, and photos showing Madame Chiang's ongoing relationship with the US. Nearly 100 pictures were displayed in the exhibit, with accompanying descriptions offering insights about the historical significance of each section of the exhibit.
The Foundation also hosted a reception on the occasion of our exhibit, with over 100 distinguished guests invited. The reception included a speech from the Honorable Secretary of Labor, Elaine Chow. Secretary Chow spoke of her personal admiration for Madame Chiang, noting that Madame Chiang blazed the trail for Asian-American women, like Secretary Chow herself, to act as important figures in government and politics. Secretary Chow also discussed the significance of the 1943 visit for Asian-Americans in general, and how the visit helped to forge a lasting relationship between Madame Chiang and the United States.
The exhibit is scheduled to make the same journey as Madame Chiang, with its next stop in New York city. The photographs will continue on to Chicago, San Francisco and Los Angeles.
July 11 “U.S.-China Relations" with Ambassador J. Stapleton Roy. Lecture V of the Policymakers Seminar Series.
Ambassador Roy discussed the major issues facing China as a growing regional and global power. He touched on many facets of Chinese society, including the economy, the military and the government, delineating the problems each of these sectors face. Ambassador Roy also spoke in depth on three specific issues facing an emerging China: US-China relations in a post Iraq war world, the Taiwan issue and China’s new leadership and the transfer of power. Ambassador Roy stressed the need for US understanding about the necessary timetable for Chinese social change. The US sees a China “on the brink,?and would like them to change immediately. What American policymakers fail to realize, however, is that genuine social change cannot happen overnight. It must be a pervasive movement, from the ground up and often can take 50-100 years to take hold. However, Ambassador Roy urged us to have hope for China, as he believes they now truly understand the problems they face, and are taking steps to correct them.
With regards to the US-China relationship in the wake of the Iraq war, Ambassador Roy said he believes that it did not create new issues, it simply brought underlying post-Cold War issues to the surface. He believes that the US preemptive strike on Iraq resulted in a total change in the common threat perception. Ambassador Roy noted that the United States is by far the most important country to China; we are the most helpful to them, while at the same time causing the most problems. China has also benefited from the US policy of pursuing a bilateral approach to foreign policy, with Beijing showing an increased willingness to take actions that do not include the US. The economy is no exception to this shift, with economic factors changing such that the US is becoming increasingly less important to China, while their regional trade partners?importance is on the rise.
Ambassador Roy spoke candidly about cross-strait relations, expressing his belief that China has little interest in attacking Taiwan, and that the Taiwanese feel no need to “rock the boat.? Taiwan, however, continues to be a highly militarized source of contention between the US and China, as both seek to prevent the other from using Taiwan as a platform to project power in East Asia. Washington’s unflinching support for Taiwan to be left alone has made ripples in Beijing, and it seems that now, more than ever, China is hinting that they may be willing to step away from the conflict.
China’s new leadership will be integral to pushing forward the necessary social change. The new Chinese leaders are comparatively younger than those previously in power, and have a different, more progressive perspective. They are not career military men, and have had far more exposure to global culture either personally or through their children studying abroad. Some experts are worried that Jiang Zemin and his loyalists are still making designs to control the country from the background, but Ambassador Roy believes that the new leaders are making great strides to cement themselves in a position of power. As an example he pointed to the SARS crisis, where the new leaders did an excellent job of taking charge and greatly increased their prestige. Things look promising at the moment with the first peaceful transition of power in China’s modern history, but as for any marked progress towards a democratic society, we will simply have to wait and see.
June 27th "Civil Society in China" with Carol L. Hamrin. Lecture IV of the Policymakers Seminar Series.
Dr. Hamrin is a Chinese affairs consultant, and Research Professor at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia, where she is working with the Center for Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (CAPEC) and the Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution (ICAR). She also serves as a Senior Associate with several nonprofit organizations supporting research and social services in China. Carol was Senior China Research Specialist at the Department of State for 25 years, has taught at The Johns Hopkins University (School of Advanced International Studies) and has published several books, as well as book chapters and journal articles.
In addressing the issue of civil society in China, Dr. Hamrin expressed her view that China is steadily outgrowing socialism, and identified several positive signs that civil society in China is indeed emerging, however slowly. Case in point, Dr. Hamrin pointed out that the CCP’s recent promulgation of the “Three Represents,?in which the party claims to represent the interests of advanced social forces, culture, and the welfare of the majority, is clearly an attempt by the CCP to accommodate cultural change in its ideology. The CCP is seeking to reestablish its legitimacy in the wake of two plus decades of breakneck economic development and social change, which taken together have given rise to a need for greater plurality and transparency in government.
Advocating a bottom up perspective, Dr. Hamrin identified China’s emerging middle class as the real seed of civil society. She explained that the Chinese people in general experienced a healthy depoliticization of life after 1978 (The year in which Deng Xiaoping initiated reforms). The process of reform and opening up engendered a tremendous release of creative energy as the middle class engaged in an exploration of formerly unattainable alternatives. As this process continues, and as the middle class grows, it will to demand a greater say in governance. To paraphrase Dr. Hamrin’s summary of the current situation, government in China is “for the people? and is slowly becoming “of the people, and by the people.?
June 6th - "China's Leadership Transition" with Dr. David Lampton.
Lecture III of the Policymakers Seminar Series
Dr. Lampton broke the discussion into five questions:
Has succession occurred? Dr. Lampton explained that the "core" of
the party is currently unclear. Hu Jintao, the current president and
party secretary and Jiang Zemin, the former holder of those positions,
each hold some degree of power. These two centers of control create
a potential for conflict. But he emphasized that local leaders, who
are generally forward-looking and cosmopolitan, also wield a great
deal of control in China.
How does this succession compare to previous successions? Dr. Lampton
described a meeting with Jiang Zemin in which he boasted
of how efficient his succession had been in comparison to Mao and Deng. Unlike the aftermath of previous successions, it appears that
there will also be a continuity of policy for some time. This is best
for the US-China relationship.
What are the characteristics of the new leadership? Dr. Lampton explained that the fourth
generation of Chinese leadership was about five to ten years old during
the communist revolution. Many came to positions
of power just in time to be attacked in the Cultural Revolution. Most
are engineers who were educated in Britain or the United States. They lack the revolutionary credentials
that lent legitimacy to previous generations. Therefore they will be dependent on policy successes to protect the party and their own positions. This leads most
experts to agree that the U.S. will be able to work with the fourth generation, perhaps more easily than the third generation. They have
a vested interest in bringing China up to world standards.
What can we expect in their policies? Dr. Lampton explained that these
leaders are pushing China toward a more pluralistic and populist government
while still focusing primarily on continuing to develop the domestic
economy. He imagined that China would continue to keep a relatively
low international profile and not pick fights that might distract
from the primary objective.
What will be the effects of recent developments such as SARS and the
situation in North Korea? The final question's answer truly remains
to be seen. But Dr. Lampton felt that the North Korean and SARS situation
have actually strengthened the 4th generation. In addition to getting
the 4th generations names and faces out, these crises gave them the
opportunity to look effective. This creates distance from the third
generation, which now seems comparatively secretive and bungling.
May 30th - "China's Domestic Political Situation" with Dr. Paul Heer.
Lecture II of the Policymakers Seminar Series
Dr. Heer began his lecture with an explanation of China's informal
political system. This system has created a power struggle between
China's technical leader, Hu Jintao, and the former president and
party secretary, Jiang Zemin, who may cling to control long into the
future. Dr. Heer explained the formal structure of the government,
including the varying significance and insignificance of the Politburo,
Central Committee, and the National People's Congress. Overall, in
this section he emphasized the supremacy of the Chinese Communist
Party over all government structures and the military.
Dr. Heer listed three mostly unspoken but widely recognized party
mechanisms for steering China. Each member of the politburo is the
head of a leading group on a different topic. These leading groups
are rarely publicly acknowledged, but determine a great deal in Chinese
politics. Each summer the Chinese leadership vacations in the resort
town of Bei Dai He. This vacation spot becomes the center of government
each summer and the informal meetings held there influence the topics
and tenor of the coming formal government meetings. Lastly, the place
of Party Elders has had a huge impact on Chinese politics, though
their power may be waning over time. These retired members of the
CCP have been known to reassert power in crisis situations, including
the Tiananmen Massacre of 1989. Each time the elders return to power
it sets the party's progress back considerably.
Lastly, Dr. Heer summarized some of the trends in current Chinese
politics including the process of institutionalization as the revolutionary
leaders of the early CCP fade from the picture. He also emphasized
the obsession with order and achieving China's economic goals to maintain
sovereignty now that the Communist ideology has morphed into fascism.
May 9 - "China, Past and Present" with Dr. Bill Johnson
As the first in a series of speakers for this years Policy-makers
seminar, professor Johnson gave a general overview of Chinese history
in the context of major traditions or periods. Beginning in the imperial
period, he explained the importance of the Confucian gentry class
and differentiated between the meritocracy of ancient China and the
feudal system of ancient Europe. The second tradition, according to
professor Johnson, attempted to refute the Confucianism of the first.
In response to the western powers that were encroaching on Chinese
sovereignty, the focus turned to liberation from subservience to authority,
including the emperor. The Japanese threat to China's survival reinstated
statism in the third tradition. Sun Yat-Sen felt that to make the
nation free China must sacrifice the freedom of the individual. This
sentiment carried through the era of Mao Zedong. Mr. Johnson described
this third tradition, which encompasses early Chinese Communism as
an aberration in the line of overarching Chinese history. The Reform
Era after Mao's death makes up the fourth tradition. Deng Xiaoping's
economic reforms have been accompanied by a resurgence of traditionalism.
Marxism becomes less applicable as private interests and capitalism
grow more acceptable. Clearly change is occurring in this period.
Professor Johnson indicated that China is more open than many in America
recognize and that the responsibility for China's political future
is in the hand of policymakers because since the imperial period China has been extremely subject to its external environment and America's
behavior toward China will make a great impact its direction.
December 5 - Annual Gala Dinner in honor of Vice Minister Long
The U.S.-China Policy Foundation's Annual Dinner, held this year at
the Washington Four Seasons Hotel, provided an appropriate backdrop
for a discussion of the amazing progress China has made since acceding
to the WTO over a year ago. Keynote speaker and China's chief WTO
negotiator, Vice Minister Long Yongtu, noted that the benefits of
trade which have developed between China and the rest of the world
have been mutually advantageous and may be seen as a "win-win" situation.
Vice Minister Long also expressed his optimism for the continued development
of China's economy since WTO accession, citing several industries
that have grown beyond expectations, in particular the auto industry.
The event was well attended by a diverse audience, which included
prominent leaders in government, business and academia.
September 25 - "The Taiwan Issue and US-China Relations" with Xu Shiquan,
President of the Institute of Taiwan Affairs at the Chinese Academy
of Social Science, Su Ge, Vice-President of the China Institute of
International Studies, and Yang Jiemian, Vice-President of the Shanghai
Institute of International Studies.
With the upcoming visit by Chinese Premier Jiang Zemin to President
Bush's Crawford Ranch and the 16th Party Congress in November, Chinese
Scholars Xu, Su, and Yang emphasized the importance of the US-China
bilateral relationship. Common interests such as global and regional
stability and economic growth are mutually beneficial to both countries
and should not be overshadowed by tensions over anti-terrorism, the
non-proliferation of weapons, and relations with Taiwan according
to Dr. Yang. Dr. Xu believes that China is committed to one country,
two systems and that Chinese on both the mainland and Taiwan see closer
relations between the two for the future. With this in mind, Dr. Su
recommends that the United States Congressional leadership continue
to expand the areas of cooperation with China.
May-August 2002 Policymakers Seminar & Trip
The U.S.-China Policy Foundation organizes an annual seminar series
and trip to China for a select and limited number of Congressional
staff to enhance their understanding of China and Sino-U.S. relations.
The following is a description of the seminars delivered by China
specialists thus far in the series:
August 2 "China Society: Social and Cultural Change in China,"
with Dr. Carol Hamrin, Chinese Affairs Specialist, Department of State
As China continues to experience rapid economic growth, its previous
homogeneous society is developing into a much more diverse one, according
to Dr. Hamrin. By 2020 China will be considered an urban society,
due to the large movement of workers from the rural areas into the
cities. A growing middle class in China is also developing, as well
as a proliferation of public institutions, which have been seen as
necessary to maintain economic efficiency. Nonprofit organizations
(NPO), private charities, nongovernmental organizations (NGO), advocacy
groups, and more are all examples of the social institutions that
are getting involved with everything from helping high school drop
outs and the handicap, to running small businesses and protecting
the environment. Dr. Hamrin stated that these positive societal changes
are creating a sense of competition for not only goods, but also for
values, like religious choices, and human rights awareness. However,
barriers to a more civil society are still abundant. Corruption, lack
of accountability, organized crime, human trafficking, lost jobs,
and more remain serious obstacles to China's social stability and
its development. Though the Chinese government may not be able to
control the growing number of social services, they can slow down
regulations and laws that create greater freedoms for public institutions.
But Dr. Hamrin believes that China's civil society is steadily making
forward strides and will be an important part of overall Chinese development.
July 26 "China and the WTO: U.S. Interests" with Dr. Robert Kapp,
President, U.S.-China Business Council
Since the passage of PNTR, Dr. Kapp stated that the U.S. has shifted
its focus from trade-related issues with China to those surrounding
security concerns. He believes a balanced dialogue between the economy
and security is an important feature in the long-term relationship
between the two countries. As China's domestic economy undergoes a
restructuring period, it is important to have institutional stability.
Problems with which the national government must contend and are seen
as destabilizing forces range from chain of command issues, corruption,
abuse of one's privileges, and overall lack of enforcement. Dr. Kapp
also pointed out that China is experiencing a late socialist dilemma
and faces the challenges of absorbing 70 plus million people into
non-rural jobs. Given that there is little or no social safety net,
many Chinese must deal with unemployment due to lost state owned factory
jobs and lack of modern skills and education. Kapp stated that the
Chinese government worries about the ill effects of general disorder
and, like wide-ranging East Asian practices, tends to intervene on
many levels in order to maintain overall domestic control.
July 19 "China's Economy: Strengths and Weakness," with Dr. Nicholas
Lardy, Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy Studies, Brookings Institution
Dr. Lardy examined China's economy and stated China is on a gliding
path towards meeting its WTO obligations and, in the long term, will
continue to be economically open and generate growth through increased
competition. Lardy explained how China's economy is growing robustly,
though he emphasized official Chinese documents tend to report higher
numbers then what is truly accurate. Nevertheless, China has continued
to set policies that are open to and encourage increased foreign direct
investment, especially in the manufacturing sector. China also continues
to reduce their tariff and non-tariff barriers, which are already
considered low for a developing country. Moreover, overall reduction
in total inventory accumulation and China's willingness to scale back
state-owned companies has created a more market orientated economy
that is better able to absorb the adjustments required to meet WTO
goals and extensive economic liberalization. However, Lardy also points
out that China suffers from high unemployment and inequality has grown
dramatically. This situation is a potential social time bomb, but
due to rising average incomes for most Chinese, the current climate
is relatively stable. Other concerns surround China's state-owned
banks that make politically based lending decisions that tend to skew
the financial situation. True private banks, which lend to only the
best borrowers, are needed to expand capital-intensive industries.
However, there remains little doubt that China is beginning to dominate
the East Asian economies and is considered a driving force in the
July 12 "U.S.-China Relations" with Ambassador J. Stapleton Roy,
Former United States Ambassador to China
Ambassador Roy stated that great changes are happening within China
and discussed the United States' absence of consensus when it comes
to understanding and dealing with China. With the mainland's ongoing
modernization and its desire to project power abroad, many countries
in Asia believe that China is becoming a dominate power in the region.
While intra-regional trade continues to expand and integrate China
with its neighbors, free trade zones in East Asia have been discussed,
explicitly with non-U.S. involvement. Therefore, as dynamics in the
region begin to change, Roy stated there is a strong desire not to
polarize Asia again due U.S.-China conflicts. Thus maintaining stable
relations is an important strategic component and is in the best interest
for U.S national security. Though the U.S. is working with a flawed
framework and there is bound to be further Sino-American crises, Roy
asserted that sound reasoning and understanding how the Chinese system
works will help to prevent misperceptions and miscalculations that
could lead to confrontation.
June 28 "China's Military Situation" with Dr. Bates Gill, Freeman
Chair in China Studies, Center for Strategic and International Studies
Dr. Gill spoke on China's security situation, examining both the internal
and external implications. Internally, China has the largest population
in the world at 1.3 billion. 900 million of those Chinese citizens
live in rural settings, while another 100-120 million are considered
"floating," or those people with no formal jobs and have the potential
to create socio-economic problems. China borders with 14 countries
and has the world's largest standing army, officially spending some
$20 billion dollars on its defense budget. However, Dr. Gill pointed
out that China does not include their foreign military acquisitions
and paramilitary force in its official budget numbers. Therefore it
is estimated that China's actual defense expenditure reaches $45-50
billion dollars. Dr. Gill also stated that in recent times China has
gone more to outside sources to obtain armaments for national defense,
particularly Russia. Moreover, China is the only major nuclear power
in the midst of major modernization. Though it is believed China's
socio-economic concerns will keep them largely internally focused,
they are also upgrading their nuclear capabilities. A more robust
nuclear deterrent, including the use of solid fuel, improved mobility
and readiness, greater numbers, and improved accuracy will ultimately
create new dynamics in the strategic relationship with its neighbors
and the United States.
June 14 "China's Domestic Political System" with Dr. Paul Heer
Dr. Heer began his lecture by explaining the historical developments
that have created the political backdrop for China's current leaders.
Of the many important factures that have contributed to China's present
domestic political system, two stand out. The first was the accession
of Deng Xiaoping, who brought China into the modern world through
economic reform, and the second was the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre,
which reminded everyone China was still an authoritarian country that
does not tolerate dissention and limits personal freedoms. Moreover,
Heer stated a source of tension for the Chinese Communist Party (CCP)
still continues to be the struggle to gain its legitimacy through
economic development, while simultaneously attempting to maintain
their grip on power.
Dr. Heer also explained that another important development happening
later this year will be the 16th Party Congress, which takes place
every 5 years. During this legislative gathering a "fourth generation"
of leaders will be ushered into China's domestic political arena.
The successor to President Jiang Zemin will be Vice President Hu Jintao,
who was hand picked by Deng Xiaoping before his death in 1997. However,
due to legacy concerns, President Jiang is less than willing to totally
relinquish his current hold onto power and has launched a propaganda
campaign in order to stay on as Party Secretary and maintain influence
in Chinese affairs. With an estimated 50% turnover in the Politburo,
Dr Heer believes the succession contest will bring about many domestic
political changes in China and therefore will be watched closely.
May 17 "Trip Orientation" with Gene Martin, former DCM - U.S. Embassy,
Beijing, and Frederick W. Crook, USCPF and coordinator for Seminar
and Guide in China.
The two speakers this week discussed what the Congressional staffers
could expect while visiting China this August. Mr. Martin gave general
advice on how to interact with Chinese officials and the public. He
urged the group to keep in mind the tremendous changes which have
occurred in China recently. Some people will be willing to have open
and frank discussions with foreigners, he said, while others will
be more cautious. Nonetheless, controversial topics need not be avoided,
as long as they are addressed in a polite and courteous manner. Specific
topics such as how to hand out business cards, exchange gifts, take
group photographs, and general protocol during meetings were also
discussed. Dr. Crook suggested various approaches to improve the group's
interaction with its Chinese hosts and addressed concerns as to health
and traveling concerns. He suggested that the Congressional staffers
seek out personal connections as a way to form bonds with the Chinese
they come into contact with. Finally, the group discussed movies and
books which could be of use in helping the staffers better prepare
themselves for their trip.
May 3 "China Past and Present" with Professor Bill Johnson, George
Washington University (Retired).
Dr. Johnson provided an overview of Chinese history, identifying several
traditions which have guided China's development. Beginning in imperial
times, Dr. Johnson discussed the gentry class and the penetration
of centralized bureaucracy. Unlike in Europe, he said, China's gentry
was not tied to the land, rather they were tied to the state through
the civil service examinations. Dr. Johnson also identified two key
Confucian values, harmony and filial piety, which he believes are
linked with the present day character of Chinese society. These values,
Dr. Johnson contended, help explain modern day beliefs, such as Jiang
Zemin's theory of "peaceful coexistence." Professor Johnson also identified
the issue of national security as a prominent concern of Chinese intellectuals
during the 19th and 20th centuries. Their desire for a "strong state,
wealthy nation" has been an influential factor shaping every major
develop in China's history up to the present, he said. Dr. Johnson
also addressed the topic of democracy, calling attention to the democratic
strain of the 1911 revolution, and its importance in the eyes of Chinese
students studying in Japan at the time. He also noted, however, that
this democratic tradition was eclipsed during later years, as nationalism
moved to the forefront. Dr. Johnson ended by declaring that the future
of China is open, and that America's behavior can be influential in
shaping that future.
May 1 - Dinner in honor of Vice President Hu Jintao
On May 1st 2002, the US-China Policy Foundation, in cooperation with
the National Committee on US-China Relations and others, hosted a
dinner in honor of Mr. Hu Jintao, Vice President of the People's Republic
of China. After an introduction by the Honorable Henry Kissinger,
Vice President Hu delivered a speech entitled: "Enhanced Mutual Understanding
and Trust: Towards a Constructive and Cooperative Relationship between
China and the United States." Hu's speech focused on China's current
reform program and the state of US-China relations, and was followed
by a question and answer period.
On the subject of reform, Hu noted the rapid growth of China's economy,
the improvement of its overall national strength, and the rise in
people's welfare. China is working hard to build up a strong, prosperous,
democratic, and culturally advanced modern socialist country, Hu told
the audience. And in order to do so, he added, China needs an international
environment of peace and harmony. In regards to US-China ties, Hu
said that although relations have not always developed smoothly, the
growing trend is one of moving forward. To promote the development
of bilateral relations, Hu offered several suggestions: The two sides
must increase dialogue and exchanges, address difference on a basis
of mutual respect, seek common ground while shelving difference, and
increase cooperation on issues of world security, he said. Hu concluded
his speech by asserting his conviction that bilateral relations would
continue to improve through the sincerity and wisdom of the Chinese
and American peoples.
February 27 - 30th Anniversary of the Shanghai Communiqu?
The U.S.-China Policy Foundation held a roundtable discussion and
luncheon at the National Press Club on February 27 to commemorate
the 30th anniversary of the signing of the Shanghai Communiqu? During
the morning discussion, Richard Solomon, Robert Suettinger, Stanley
Karnow, Chas W. Freeman, Jr., and Robert Kapp each offered their remarks
on various issues of significance in US-China relations. Assistant
Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs James A. Kelly
was the keynote speaker at the luncheon. His speech focused on the
constructive, candid, and cooperative relationship between the US
and China, and was followed by a lively question and answer period.
Minister-Counselor Zhang Keyuan also spoke briefly, hailing the Shanghai
Communiqu?as the cornerstone of the Sino-American bilateral relationship.
January 17 - Breakfast meeting with Vice Minister Zhou Mingwei
Zhou Mingwei, Vice Minister of Taiwan Affairs of China's State Council,
gave a talk on China-Taiwan relations at the Monocle Restaurant in
Northeast D.C. on the morning of January 17. The breakfast affair
was attended by 32 invited guests, including 14 congressional staffers.
Zhou fielded questions and stressed the Chinese government's willingness
to negotiate the mainland's reunification with Taiwan on an equal
basis with the Taiwanese government and to offer Taiwan broad autonomy
within a reunified China.
September 20 - Dinner in Honor of Minister Tang Jiaxuan
Willard Inter-Continental Hotel, Washington DC U.S.-China Policy Foundation
Board Members participated in a dinner for the Minister of Foreign
Affairs, Tang Jiaxuan, who delivered a policy speech titled: "Deepen
Mutual Understanding, Build Mutual Trust and Promote Healthy Development
of China-US Relations." The dinner guests included policy makers,
academics, and business executives.
August - Congressional Staff Trip to China
From August 11 to 19, the staff delegation traveled to Beijing, Xian,
and Shanghai. Hosted by the Center for International Culture Exchange
Center (CICEC), the tour provided opportunities for staffers to meet
and have discussions with Chinese representatives from governmental
and academic institutions as well as U.S. corporate executives in
May-August 2001 Policymakers Seminar & Trip
The U.S.-China Policy Foundation organizes an annual seminar series
and trip to China for a select and limited number of Congressional
staff to enhance their understanding of China and Sino-U.S. relations.
The following is a summary of the seminars delivered by China specialists
on a variety of issues in preparation for the trip.
July 27 "China’s Society: Is a Civil Society Developing?" with
Carol Hamrin, Chinese Affairs Specialist, Department of State (Retired)
Carol Hamrin addressed the dynamic topic of state-society relations
in China. Dr. Hamrin began by discussing the question of why human
rights improvements do not necessarily coincide with economic and
other improvements in China. She stated that progress in China comes
as a cycle of regression and progression. While current trends in
China are away from state dependence, we still see many human and
civil rights abuses because rule-of-law in China is relatively weak.
The state is trying to retain a certain degree of power, but society
is outgrowing socialism. Dr. Hamrin then went on to discuss how to
point this changing society toward a positive future. She spoke of
the increasing influence of the “third sector,?composed of NGO’s and
non-profits. Dr. Hamrin claims that third sector groups are gaining
influence because local governments, especially at the township and
village level, need outside help since they are often ignored by the
national bureaucracy. Dr. Hamrin examined additional factors that
will be instrumental in sustaining momentum for positive social and
political change in China, including Taiwan/Hong Kong, entrance into
the WTO, and the 2008 Olympic Games. Finally, Dr. Hamrin proposed
how the United States can pursue a more productive human rights policy
towards China. She closed by stating that the United States must realize
that things will get much worse before they get better, and that once
things do change a democratic China will not look like the America.
For U.S. efforts to improve human rights in China to be effective,
Dr. Hamrin believes initiative must be made from both the grassroots
and international diplomatic levels.
July 13 "Dealing with the Chinese" with Douglas Paal, President,
Asia-Pacific Policy Center.
Mr. Douglas Paal spoke about the current state of U.S.-China relations
as well as what the Congressional staff group should expect when they
arrive in China, topics they are likely to discuss with their Chinese
counterparts, and how to handle discussion of sensitive subjects.
Paal contended that the Bush administration’s characterization of
China as a “strategic competitor? has resulted in a primary emphasis
on its relations with U.S. allies. However, trade relations with China
would remain strong. He shared his view that the administration got
off to a shaky start in its relationship with China, but that many
of those early problems would not have played out any differently
if there had been a Democrat in the White House. A Gore administration
would have had to still deal with immediate trade issues, weapons
sales to Taiwan, the surveillance plane crash, and the Olympic vote.
Paal further examined how the United States can segue out of all these
thorny issues into a more useful framework. He stated that the United
States now stands in a relatively stronger strategic position than
China, and therefore China interprets every move the United States
makes as a move against them. Despite this dynamic, Paal said that
the United States could still engage China while continuing to have
a strong defense posture. Specifically, Paal examined what the administration
wants from China in the short and long term. Included were the release
of the U.S.-Chinese scholars, improvement of U.S. commercial purchasing
rights in China, cooperation on the Korean Peninsula, curbing of encroachment
into countries like Burma and Cambodia. Finally, Paal stated that
the future of U.S.-China relations appears to have the components
for improvement because China has the desire to work on building a
strong relationship with the United States.
June 22 "U.S.-China Relations" with Thomas Robinson, President, American
Asian Research Enterprise.
Dr. Robinson discussed the determinants of China’s domestic and foreign
policy as well as the direction of Sino-U.S. relations during the
past half-century. He explained how domestic priorities have shifted
from a political and ideological orientation under Mao Zedong’s leadership
towards a pragmatic focus on economic development and stability under
Deng Xiaoping’s leadership. Under these leaders, China’s interests
and power projection in the international realm have evolved from
focus on military affairs, to economic development, and then to both
military affairs and economic development. Characterizing Sino-U.S.
relations, Robinson explained that both countries?interests in the
other have been based on a mutual pursuit of economic, security, and
ideological goals. He went on to cover a series of trends and issues
driving bilateral relations in recent years, many of which are responsible
for causing a deterioration of ties: increase of Chinese power (political,
economic, and military) and nationalism; the end of the Cold War and
America’s sole superpower status; tension over the Taiwan issue; the
1989 Tiananmen Square incident; WTO and trade; human rights; Tibet;
and China’s 2008 Olympic bid. Robinson predicts that China will be
increasingly bold in pursuit of its interests as it gains domestic
and international power. If the U.S. government and policymakers maintain
constant efforts in bettering bilateral understanding in these areas,
they will be able to successfully promote U.S. interests and goals.
June 8 "China’s Political System" with Robert Sutter, National
Intelligence Officer, East Asia, National Intelligence Council.
Using the question of whether or not China is a threat as a framework,
Dr. Robert Sutter spoke about China’s political system. Much of the
debate surrounding China focuses on warnings about China as a major
power. In order to move past the warnings one must look behind the
scenes at the political system. Sutter reviewed the background of
Chinese politics and society, from the successful bureaucratic systems,
its eventual breakdown, and the "victim mentality" that exists today.
Much of this mentality is tied to what Sutter described as the hundred
years of humiliation. This breakdown and resulting humiliation that
was felt set the stage for the Communist Revolution in China and the
rise of Mao Zedong. Mao essentially had used organization and ideology
to bring the nation out of chaos. Sutter argues that it is the successes
and the failures of this system that the leaders of China in the post-Mao
era have to deal with. It is the 30,000 people who died during the
Great Leap Forward, the disaster of the Cultural Revolution, and the
consistent corruption that permeates the system as a whole that are
the context for the future leaders of China. Essentially, the leadership
within China wants to stay in power, but they cannot use the tools
that were used in the past. Therefore, they use new tools, specifically
nationalism and economic success. The current and future Chinese leadership
must work to keep economic growth on a steady course while maintaining
political consensus. After talking about several challenges facing
the current regime, Sutter elaborated on the impending change of power
in China and the struggle and possible rift within the party consensus
that could occur. Finally Sutter reiterated that we should not forget
to look at the dynamics of the political system when hearing the "warnings"
May 25 "U.S.-China Relations and China’s Strategic Concerns" with
Bates Gill, Senior Fellow
Foreign Policy Studies, Brookings Institution. Dr. Gill spoke on the
contrasting visions of future security relations between the U.S.
and China and the major issues facing both countries. Gill claims
that U.S. efforts to gather solid intelligence information have lagged.
The result has been skewed American views of China that create tension
and polarization among U.S. policymakers. Too much attention in the
U.S. is placed on the build-up of military ‘hardware?and little recognition
has been made of military software and China’s lack of preparation
to utilize their expanding military equipment. Gill went on to explain
China’s historical concern with internal rather than external security.
The current situation in Taiwan has refocused Chinese military attention
from inland to coastal areas, creating momentum towards development
of a military prepared for local high-tech wars and moving away from
traditional weapons. Because its military is far behind the desired
level of capability, China has been forced to find a quick way to
create a deterrent. Developing missiles and nuclear weapons have allowed
China to accomplish this while spending little political and military
capital. Finally, Gill explained that the U.S. has not paid close
attention to the current shift in China’s nuclear build-up. While
the United States has been emphasizing the development of defensive
military capabilities, China has been bolstering its offensive capabilities.
Gill concluded by stating that this combination may bode ominously
for the United States.
May 11 "U.S.-China Economic Relations" with Robert Kapp, President,
U.S.-China Business Council.
Dr. Kapp gave an overview of the dramatic changes that the Chinese
economy has undergone since 1978 and the varied challenges it continues
to faces as it strives to integrate with the rest of the world. Kapp
discussed the debate among the Chinese leadership after the Cultural
Revolution about how to modernize the nation and Deng Xiaoping’s successful
push to open China to the rest of the world. As a result, China has
now become the second largest recipient of FDI in the world, engages
in massive volumes of international trade, and has rapidly rising
per capita income. He pointed out that despite its economic success,
China has many serious problems to overcome. China is a country of
tremendous contrasts, with vast differences of growth in inland and
coastal areas. Institution building has progressed and numerous laws
have been created over the last 10 to 15 years, but these efforts
have been constrained by inconsistent implementation of laws and reluctance
of the CCP to subject itself to the boundaries of new institutional
arrangements. Further, he discussed the strains China faces as the
country slowly sheds its Stalinist industrial model, endures massive
layoffs, and strives to create a new social security network. Despite
the challenges China faces, Kapp emphasized the general optimism of
U.S. companies involved in China. Upon WTO accession, it is inevitable
that China will come closer to fundamental international commercial
practices and will further undergo economic pluralization. American
companies have been a positive influence in encouraging this process.
Commercial involvement is the best asset the U.S. has in trying to
manage various aspects of the U.S.-China relationship.
April 23, Roundtable Discussion and Luncheon on "U.S.-China Relations:
Past and Present", National Press Club, Washington DC
The first morning panel on "The Beginning of New Relations: Dr. Kissinger’s
Secret Mission to China in 1971" was moderated by William Gleysteen,
Jr., Former U.S. Ambassador to South Korea, and featured John Holdridge,
Former Assistant Secretary of State, East Asia and the Pacific and
Richard Solomon, President, U.S. Institute of Peace. The second morning
panel on "U.S. Arms Sales to Taiwan: Implications to U.S.-China Relations"
was moderated by Chas W. Freeman, Jr., Co-chair, USCPF, and featured
Kurt Campbell, Senior Vice President and Director, International Studies,
CSIS and Bates Gill, Senior Fellow and Director, Center for Northeast
Asian Policy, The Brookings Institution. The luncheon speakers were
Yang Jiechi, P.R.C. Ambassador to the United States and J. Stapleton
Roy, Former U.S. Ambassador to the China.
March 23, Co-sponsor, Luncheon in Honor of Vice Premier Qian Qichen,
Willard Inter-Continental Hotel, Washington DC
The US-China Policy Foundation, together with the National Committee
on U.S.-China Relations, The Nixon Center, and The United States-China
Business Council, co-hosted a luncheon for Qian Qichen, Vice Premier
of the State Council, P.R.C. Vice Premier Qian addressed a group of
several hundred business executives, policymakers, and academics.
February 27, Breakfast with Vice Minister Zhou Mingwei, Capitol Hill,
Zhou Mingwei, Vice Minister of the Taiwan Affairs Office, State Council,
P.R.C, spoke to a group of congressional staff about the future of
September 8, New York City, Waldorf-Astoria Hotel
The US-China Policy Foundation, cooperating with the National Committee
on US-China Relations, the US-China Business Council and others, helped
to organize this luncheon event in honor of Chinese President Jiang
Zemin during the historic U.N. Millennium Summit of world leaders.
The Honorable Henry Kissinger delivered the opening remarks before
President Jiang gave his address in English. President Jiang spoke
of trends towards multipolarization, China’s accession to the WTO,
the need for stable US-China relations based on mutual respect, Taiwan’s
status, and China’s domestic improvements in the overall quality of
life for the Chinese people.
A complete copy of President Jiang’s speech can be found at: http://www.avasian.com/bb_middle.htm
May-August 2000 Policymakers Seminar & Trip
The U.S.-China Policy Foundation organizes an annual seminar series
and trip to China for a select and limited number of Congressional
staff to enhance their understanding of China and Sino-U.S. relations.
The following is a summary of the trip to China in August and a description
of the seminars delivered by China specialists on a variety of issues
in preparation for the trip:
August 11-19, Congressional Staff Trip to Shanghai, Xian, and Beijing
The U.S.-China Policy Foundation successfully concluded its annual
Congressional staff trip to China. This year’s roster included both
Democratic and Republican staffers from the House of Representatives
and the Senate. Hosted by the Center for International Culture Exchange
Center (CICEC), the tour provided opportunities for staffers to meet
and have discussions with Chinese representatives from governmental
and academic institutions as well as ex-patriot U.S. corporate executives
in China’s two largest cities. In Beijing, arrangements were made
to visit the U.S. Embassy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA), American
Chamber of Commerce, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation
(MOFTEC), Institute of American Studies at the Chinese Academy of
Social Sciences (CASS), and National People’s Congress (NPC). In Shanghai,
the group visited the Shanghai Municipal People’s Congress, and the
Center for American Studies at Fudan University. In addition, the
group enjoyed sightseeing at several sites of historical and contemporary
significance, including the Great Wall and Forbidden City in Beijing,
the Terra-Cotta Warriors in Xian, and the GM joint-venture plant and
stock exchange in Shanghai.
July 21 - "Dealing with the Chinese" with Douglas Paal, President,
Asia-Pacific Policy Center
Dr. Douglas Paal discussed the "psychotic" mood of Chinese government
leaders and officials as they deal with the U.S.-China relationship.
Though the educated in China are well versed on foreign affairs and
have a high degree of social responsibility, there still remains a
strong sense of national pride, which blames foreigners for China’s
current problems. While Chinese officials understand the need for
stable relations with the United States, it also recognizes the United
States as a threat to their system. However, nationalism has the potential
of getting out of control and could eventually be detrimental to China’s
domestic stability. Dr. Paal further discussed the Taiwan issue, and
four schools of thought among the Chinese leadership, ranging from
those who advocate the use of force to those who believe China’s current
policy toward Taiwan is obsolete.
July 7 - "China's Evolving Society" with Carol Hamrin, Chinese
Affairs Specialist, Department of State
Dr. Carol Hamrin lectured on the societal changes happening in China,
specifically the regimes growing accommodations for greater personal
freedoms and its decentralizing system. However, the greatest challenge
to China’s reform is its continuing adjustments to state-society relations.
As society places continual pressure and demands on the state for
more freedoms and government accountability, the state has been forced
to react and reform. The results have been both good and bad. On the
positive side, there has been a growing reciprocal relationship between
interests groups and the state, and government transparency has improved.
On the negative side, repression, abuse and corruption are on the
rise. At this point in time, it is difficult for Hamrin to predict
what will happen to China in the long run; whether change will remain
relatively peaceful or if violence and instability will be a result.
June 23 - "Security Issues: China as Friend or Foe" with Bates
Gill, Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy Studies, Brookings Institution.
Dr. Bates Gill discussed the role and capabilities of the Chinese
military, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). While China’s military
was used for the defense of its territory in the past, the recent
role has been more focused on unification of national territory and
to deter potential domestic problems. Dr. Gill explained that it is
believed that China would like to extend its power outward to protect
its access to the global economy but that the Chinese military faces
several challenges ?the ability to battle over areas other than land
, shift in the emphasis of training to allow limited local war under
high-tech conditions, and an upgrade in technology. Dr. Gill also
discussed the vulnerabilities of China’s nuclear forces and the importance
of our two countries to build a more open relationship to deter possible
miscommunications and misunderstandings.
June 9 - "China’s Foreign Relations Strategies" with Thomas Robinson,
President, American Asian Research Enterprise and Adjunct Professor,
Dr. Thomas Robinson explained how China’s foreign policy has evolved
over three periods: the Mao Period, first Deng Period, and second
Deng Period. He discussed the predominant influence of China’s domestic
environment on its foreign policy decisions. In the international
arena, Dr. Robinson explained how China has for many decades had to
contend with two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union,
but that China currently faces the absence of a bipolar environment
and a recent trend towards globalization. While China is still playing
catch-up in the world, its rising economic and military power is allowing
it to become more involved in regional and global affairs where it
previously had little or no involvement. Dr. Robinson expressed that
the United States is the most important foreign power for China, and
maintains enough international power and influence to make or break
May 26 - "China’s Political System" with Robert Sutter, National
Intelligence Officer, East Asia, National Intelligence Council.
Dr. Robert Sutter gave an overview of the historical forces, present
conditions and future scenarios that could shape China’s political
regime. He discussed the effect of the "100 years of humiliation,"
the rising popularity of the Chinese Communist Party in the mid 20th
century, and the excessiveness of the authoritarian regime which led
to a loss of prestige and a need to legitimate itself in the eyes
of the people. The solution to this problem for the CCP was to initiate
liberalization of the economy and society. But China has been slow
to liberalize its political system for fear of losing control when
it faces challenges such as during the 1989 pro-democracy demonstrations
at Tiananmen Square in Beijing. Dr. Sutter explained that there would
continue to be internal challenges to the current regime, but it would
be able to cope and adjust to these challenges for the next several
years due to the pragmatism of the current leadership. He also expressed
that China will continue to have a tumultuous relationship with the
United States, but in the end Beijing will work to come to terms with
the United States on disagreeable factors in the relationship.
May 12 - "U.S.-China Economic Relations and the Impact of WTO" with
Robert Kapp, President, U.S.-China Business Council.
Dr. Robert Kapp provided a historical framework for understanding
the Chinese social, political, and economic system and discussed misconceptions
that Americans have about China, in particular with regards to the
debate surrounding the May Congressional vote on whether or not to
grant China permanent normal trade relations (PNTR) trading status.
Dr. Kapp discussed the difficulties China has confronted over the
last two centuries as it faced modernization and how Chinese leaders
have grappled with institutions that have resisted change. He explained
that China continues to face the dilemma of how to open China to the
United States and the rest of the world without jeopardizing the uniquely
Chinese characteristics of their social and political system.
March 17, Washington, D.C., National Press Club
The U.S.-China Policy Foundation’s fourth annual National Press Club
luncheon was held on March 17 following a roundtable discussion highlighting
"Current Trends in US-China Relations". The morning roundtable discussion
was moderated by Ambassador Arthur W. Hummel, former US Ambassador
to China, and featured several preeminent China specialists, including
Dr. Frederick W. Crook, President of the China Group and Former Agricultural
Economist at the USDA; Dr. Pieter Bottelier, former Chief of the World
Bank’s Mission in China, and Professor David M. Lampton, Director
of China Studies at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International
Studies. A thoughtful exchange with audience members followed the
speakers?observations about the myriad issues surrounding the evolving
economic and political relations between America and China, with particular
emphasis on the role that American foreign policy plays in the Cross-Strait
situation. The former Ambassador to China, James Sasser, delivered
the luncheon’s keynote address, in which he elaborated upon the current
concerns over Cross-Strait relations. He ended on an optimistic note,
however, exploring possible avenues for a renewed dialogue between
the two governments.
February 29, Washington, D.C., The Monocle
The U.S.-China Policy Foundation hosted a breakfast meeting for Members
of Congress and a group of senior Chinese trade officials interested
in promoting the trade of wheat and other agricultural products between
the two countries. Among the delegates from China were Mr. Sun Zhenyu,
Vice-Minister of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation (MOFTEC) and
Mr. Zhou Mingchen, President of the China National Cereals, Oil and
Foodstuffs Import and Export Corporation (COFCO). They met with Senators
Thomas A. Daschle (D-SD), Byron Dorgan (D-ND) and Conrad Burns (R-MT)
to discuss purchasing US agricultural products. Other guests included
Alan Lee, Chairman of the North Dakota Wheat Commission as well as
Congressional staff and members of the USCPF advisory board. The session
was moderated by Nancy Patton, USCPF board member and former U.S.
Department of Commerce Deputy Assistant Secretary, Asia & Pacific.
May-August 1999 Policy-Makers Seminar & Trip
August 15-23, Beijing and Shanghai
The Foundation sponsored a Congressional staff delegation trip to
China as part of its Policy-Makers Seminar and Trip program. The program
provided a select group of twenty Congressional office and committee
staff members with eight seminar sessions on U.S.-China relations
from February to July. During the Congressional recess, the participants
traveled to China for meaningful interactive interviews with their
The China International Cultural Exchange Center served as the local
host to a bipartisan delegation of 6 Policy-Makers members from both
the House and Senate. While in Beijing the group received a briefing
from the U.S. Embassy and met with several Chinese officials, including
the Director-Generals of the Department of North American & Oceanic
Affairs in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Department of
International Economic & Trade Relations in the Ministry of Foreign
Trade & Economic Cooperation; the Deputy Director of the Institute
of American Studies in the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences; the
Deputy Secretary-General of the China Society for Human Rights Studies;
and the Director of the State Administration for Religious Affairs.
They were also the guests of honor at a banquet thrown by the host
organization and a breakfast sponsored by the American Chamber of
Commerce in Beijing. In between meetings the group had an opportunity
to visit the Great Wall, the Forbidden City and the Temple of Heaven,
some of China's most important landmarks. While in Shanghai the group
exchanged views with the Deputy Director of the Center for American
Studies at Fudan University, toured a factory owned by Cargill, Inc.
on the outskirts of the city, and visited Zhou Village and the Oriental
Pearl Tower media facility.
The seminar series focused on the most crucial political, economic
and security issues involving relations between the United States
and the People's Republic of China in 1999 and into the next millennium,
attracting a genuinely balanced and truly outstanding group of scholars
and practitioners as speakers. The program Coordinator, William R.
Johnson, kicked-off the series in February with a presentation on
China's past and present, discussing the political and intellectual
issues, trends, values and developments of 19th & 20th century China
that are relevant to contemporary analysis with the participants.
In March, Carol Lee Hamrin of the State Department and China scholar
Anne Thurston discussed China's evolving society in the context of
political reform and change. The following week, H. Lyman Miller of
SAIS and Nicholas Eberstadt of the American Enterprise Institute examined
political and population issues and discussed their impact on bilateral
relations with the group. In April Nicholas Lardy of the Brookings
Institution and Robert Kapp of the U.S.-China Business Council examined
China's bid for WTO membership and U.S. options. Later that month
Sandra Kristoff of New York Life International and James Mulvenon
of RAND looked at trade and technology transfer issues in the wake
of espionage allegations and export control legislation. In June,
David Shambaugh of the Elliott School of International Affairs analyzed
China's current and future military capabilities in light of the Cox
Committee report findings. Two weeks later former Ambassadors Arthur
Hummel, Jr. and James Lilley addressed the complexities of U.S. relations
with China and Taiwan. At the final session in July, Harry Harding,
Dean of the Elliott School, conducted a capstone session to prepare
the participants for their seven-day trip to China in August. The
series was designed and organized by Professor William R. Johnson,
formerly the Assistant Director of the Sigur Center for Asian Studies
at the George Washington University. Funding for the program has been
graciously provided by the Houghton Freeman Foundation.
April 9, Washington, D.C., Willard Inter-Continental Hotel
Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji presented a major foreign policy address
at a dinner sponsored by the U.S.-China Policy Foundation, the America-China
Society, the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations, the Asia
Society, the Committee of 100, the Council on Foreign Relations, and
the U.S. Chamber of Commerce. The Honorable Alexander M. Haig Jr.,
an Honorary Advisor of the USCPF, introduced the premier to an audience
of prominent individuals in government, academia, and business who
had gathered to hear the Premier's opinions on U.S.-China relations,
China's entry into the WTO, and several other topics. The USCPF would
like to thank New York Life for serving as its sponsor at this event.
February 25, Washington, D.C., National Press Club
The Foundation held its third annual luncheon with a commemoration
of "U.S.-China Relations Since 1979." A morning panel moderated by
USCPF Board Member, Ambassador John H. Holdridge, examined many of
the challenges in the bilateral relationship over the past twenty
years and into the future. Ambassador William H. Gleysteen, Jr., Donald
Anderson, a retired foreign service officer, and Yu Enguang, a member
of the Foreign Affairs Committee of China's National People's Congress
and Executive Vice-Chairman of the Council of the China International
Cultural Exchange Center, each discussed the topic and responded to
thoughtful questions from an audience of sixty. Following the panel
discussion, the Honorable Stanley Roth, Assistant Secretary of State
for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, and General Alexander M. Haig,
Jr., an Honorary Advisor of the Foundation delivered remarks on the
future of U.S.-China relations and the challenges inherent in current
relations respectively to luncheon guests. Minister Liu Xiaoming of
the Embassy of the People's Republic of China also presented his view
of current relations between the two countries to the audience of
current and former Department of State personnel, business representatives,
and academics. The USCPF was delighted to host such august speakers
and a delegation from the China International Cultural Exchange Center
for this event.
December 1, Washington, D.C., The Monocle
Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Asian and Pacific Affairs
Kurt Campbell and Professor Ralph Clough of SAIS discussed the question
of whether the U.S. can avoid entanglement in the Taiwan issue. Ambassador
John Holdridge participated as the moderator of the roundtable lecture
and delivered a first-hand account of the evolution of the Taiwan
Relations Act (TRA) and the 1982 Shanghai Communique. Dr. Campbell
examined the challenges the TRA poses to American foreign policy while
Professor Clough presented the perspectives from Taiwan and China
on the issue. During a question and answer session each speaker gave
several recommendations on how the U.S. could shape its policy in
the near future.
October 18-24, Washington, D.C., Los Angeles
Delegation from the China Institute for International Strategic Studies.
The USCPF hosted a delegation from CIISS that consisted of General
Li Jing, Major General (Ret.) Chen Benchan, Senior Fellow Mr. Li Zhihong
and Colonel Zhang Li, a fellow of the institute, for several days
of informal exchanges with prominent policy-makers in the United States.
In Washington, D.C. the group discussed issues of common concern with
members of the Center for Naval Analysis, Pentagon staff, a researcher
at the National Defense University and several members of the National
Security Study Group, as well as other local experts. The Foundation
hosted a banquet for the delegation that was attended by General Gong
Xianfu of the Embassy of the People's Republic of China, as well as
other members of the defense attache's office. At the banquet the
delegation was given an opportunity to mix with members of the local
think-tank community and former state department foreign service personnel.
The delegation also flew to Los Angeles for an informal exchange of
views with several members of Rand Corporation. During these meetings
the delegates shared their views of U.S.-China relations, the question
of Taiwan's reunification with China and regional security, and answered
questions on the political situation in North Korea, the nature of
China-Japan relations, and the PLA's recently released White Paper.
September 25, Washington, D.C., The National Press Club
"U.S.-China Relations: the View from Congress" was the topic of USCPF's
monthly roundtable lecture. Presentations made by Peter Brookes of
the Republican staff of the House International Relations Committee,
Frank Jannuzi of the Democratic staff of the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee and Robert Sutter of the Congressional Research Service
were followed by a question and answer period that raised difficult
questions as to each party's policies and approaches to China and
July 23, Washington, D.C., The National Press Club
USCPF hosted its monthly roundtable lecture on the topic of New Trends
in U.S.-China Relations. Chas W. Freeman,Jr., Co-chair of the USCPF,
Jeffrey Bader, Director of Asian Affairs at the National Security
Council and David Shambaugh, Director of The Sigur Center for Asian
Studies at The George Washington University discussed the impact of
President Clinton's visit to China on the bi-lateral relationship
and U.S. foreign policy. A lively question and answer period raised
the issues of Taiwan, regional defense cooperation, the role of the
American private sector in China's reform efforts, and the Clinton
administration's strategy for maintaining the momentum built-up during
June 26, Washington, D.C., The Sichuan Pavillion
USCPF hosted a banquet for Governor Song Baorui and a delegation from
Sichuan Province. The University of Maryland's Institute of Global
Chinese Affairs is the host of the delegation throughout its stay
in D.C. The luncheon was attended by representatives of international
financial institutions, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the
U.S. Department of Commerce. Governor Song and his delegation are
visiting the U.S. for ten days to promote investment in infrastructure
projects in the province.
June 23, Washington, D.C.
USCPF hosted a roundtable lecture-luncheon on China's military capabilities
and the issue of technology transfer. Richard Fisher of The Heritage
Foundation, Paul Godwin of the National War College and Michael Pillsbury
of the National Defense University shared their perspectives on the
state of China's procurment of technology from foreign sources, the
state of China's military industrial complex and the degree of transparency
in military relations between China and the United States.
May 5, Washington, D.C., Washington Hilton Hotel and Towers
USCPF was pleased to host a farewell reception for Minister and Mrs.
Zhou Wenzhong of the Embassy of the People's Republic of China. Minister
Zhou has been appointed China's ambassador to Australia.
April 23, Washington, D.C.
USCPF held a roundtable lecture-luncheon to discuss the Role of Dissident
in the U.S.-China Relationship. At this event Ms. Kerry Dumbaugh,
Ms. Kyna Rubin and Dr. Anne Thurston led the discussion of the relationship
of Congress to the Chinese dissident movement, an analysis of the
Chinese dissident community in the United States and the present human
rights climate in China.
April 7, Washington, D.C.
USCPF hosted a roundtable lecture-luncheon on the NPC and its Aftermath,
featuring the Honorable Chas Freeman, Jr., Dr. Lyman Miller and Dr.
Thomas Robinson as speakers. Topics discussed included current reform
efforts in China, changes in leadership positions and the meaning
thereof, and an analysis of U.S.-China relations in the short, medium
January 20, Washington, D.C., ANA Hotel
USCPF and the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations hosted a
farewell reception in honor of Chinese Ambassador Li Daoyu. Ambassador
Li returned to Beijing.
October 30, Washington, D.C., ANA Hotel
Chinese President Jiang Zemin presented a major foreign policy address
at a luncheon sponsored by the U.S.-China Policy Foundation, the America-China
Society, the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations, the Asia
Society, and the Council of Foreign Relations. The audience was comprised
of prominent individuals in government, academia, and business.
October 2, Washington, DC, Leavey Center, Georgetown University
One-day simulation meeting on U.S.-China relations sponsored by the
Georgetown University Foreign Service Institute, the U.S. Department
of State and the U.S.-China Policy Foundation. Students and foreign
service professionals participated in a simulation scenario involving
a crisis in North Asia which requires the coordination between the
U.S., China, South Korea and North Korea.
September 24, Washington, DC, U.S.-China Policy Foundation
Roundtable discussion entitled "The 15th National Party Congress:
Implications for U.S.-China Relations." Moderated by Ambassador Chas
W. Freeman. Panel discussion led by Ambassador John Holdridge and
Ambassador Arthur Hummel, Jr. Audience participants included academics
and Washington policymakers.
March 3-4, Beijing
USCPF board members met with Premier Li Peng and Minister of the State
Council and Director of the State Council's Office of National Security
March 1, Shanghai
Conference commemorating the 25th Anniversary of the Shanghai Communiqu?
February 21, Washington, DC, National Press Club
Symposium on the 25th Anniversary of the Shanghai Communiqu?Panel
participants: Ambassador John H. Holdridge, Ambassador Arthur W. Hummel,
Jr., Ambassador Chas W. Freeman, Jr., Professor A. Doak Barnett of
Johns Hopkins University, the Honorable Yu Enguang (Representative
of the National People's Congress and Senior Vice-President, China
International Culture Exchange Center) Featuring: The Honorable Li
Daoyu, Ambassador of the People's Republic of China to the United
States and the Honorable Richard Solomon, President of the U.S. Institute
December 17, Washington, DC
USCPF hosted a Holiday Party to celebrate the holiday season and to
show its appreciation for all those who have shown support for the
programs and activities of the Foundation.
October 14-18, Beijing
USCPF board members Ambassador Arthur Hummel, Ambassador John H. Holdridge,
Ambassador Chas W. Freeman, and Dr. Wang Chi, spent a week in Beijing.
They met with Foreign Minister and Vice-Premier Qian Qichen, State
Council Minister for Foreign Affairs Liu Huaqiu, and PLA Deputy Chief
of Staff for Foreign Affairs General Xiong Guangkai and representatives
from Beijing University and the CASS Institute of American Studies
who specialize in US-China relations. Board members had informal discussions
on possible future developments. This visit, the first trip composed
entirely of Foundation members, was warmly received and introduced
foundation activities to Chinese foreign policy makers.
July 26, Washington, DC
Presentation of Dr. John Hardt's report, China's Economy to 2010:
Views on Leadership on Prospects and Problems of the Fifteen Year
Plan, and observations following a USCPF-sponsored research trip to
May 8, Washington, DC. Georgetown University, Leavey Center
Co-sponsored the conference, Sino-American Relations: In Search of
Direction, with the Georgetown University Institute for the Study
of Diplomacy. USCPF Co-chair Chas W. Freeman, Jr. led the closing
discussion on "Where Do We Go From Here?"