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• USPCF Staff
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• January 30th, 2004 - USCPF hosted a luncheon dialogue between Chinese Ambassador Yang Jiechi and Congressional staff members.

• December 9th, 2003 - USCPF Co-hosts Premier Wen Jiabao for a dinner in his honor at the Ritz Carlton

• October 21st, 2003 - USCPF Hosts Dr. Lien Chan on his visit to Washington, DC

• July 14-18, 2003 - Photo exhibit honoring Madame Chiang Kai Shek's historic 1943 visit to the United States

September 5th, 2003 - Ambassador Qiu Shengyun Meets with Senators and Board Members

On September 4th and 5th, the U.S.-China Policy Foundation was honored to assist the Chinese Embassy in hosting Ambassador Qiu Shengyun as he visited the nation’s capital. On his first stop in a week-long trip to the United States Ambassador Qiu, who is the Vice President of the Chinese People’s Institute of Foreign Affairs (CPIFA), met with Senators, USCPF Board members, area China experts, and congressional staffers to discuss important issues in U.S.-China relations and improve understanding between our two countries.

The Ambassador met with many members of Congress, including USCPF honorary advisor Senator Dianne Feinstein before meeting with alumni of our Policymakers Trip to China Program. Ambassador Qiu has hosted our trip for the last few years, and he and the congressional staffers were happy to see each other again in the Lyndon B. Johnson room of the Capitol for breakfast.

With the help of board member Dr. Bates Gill, USCPF hosted a lunch with the Ambassador at the Center for Strategic and International Studies for our executive board and select area China scholars. Ambassador Qiu led a remarkably open and productive conversation ranging from China’s trade surplus with the United States to the impact of domestic politics on Sino-U.S. relations.

July 14-18 - Mayling Soong and America: A Photographic Exhibit

From July 14-18 the US-China Policy Foundation hosted a photographic exhibit in the rotunda of the Russell Senate Office Building to commemorate Madame Chiang Kai-Shek's historic visit to the United States in 1943. The exhibit was divided into several sections, covering Madame Chiang's early life, her trip to the United States in 1943, with stops in San Francisco, Los Angeles, Chicago, New York and Washington DC, and photos showing Madame Chiang's ongoing relationship with the US. Nearly 100 pictures were displayed in the exhibit, with accompanying descriptions offering insights about the historical significance of each section of the exhibit.

The Foundation also hosted a reception on the occasion of our exhibit, with over 100 distinguished guests invited. The reception included a speech from the Honorable Secretary of Labor, Elaine Chow. Secretary Chow spoke of her personal admiration for Madame Chiang, noting that Madame Chiang blazed the trail for Asian-American women, like Secretary Chow herself, to act as important figures in government and politics. Secretary Chow also discussed the significance of the 1943 visit for Asian-Americans in general, and how the visit helped to forge a lasting relationship between Madame Chiang and the United States.

The exhibit is scheduled to make the same journey as Madame Chiang, with its next stop in New York city. The photographs will continue on to Chicago, San Francisco and Los Angeles.

July 11 “U.S.-China Relations" with Ambassador J. Stapleton Roy. Lecture V of the Policymakers Seminar Series.

Ambassador Roy discussed the major issues facing China as a growing regional and global power. He touched on many facets of Chinese society, including the economy, the military and the government, delineating the problems each of these sectors face. Ambassador Roy also spoke in depth on three specific issues facing an emerging China: US-China relations in a post Iraq war world, the Taiwan issue and China’s new leadership and the transfer of power. Ambassador Roy stressed the need for US understanding about the necessary timetable for Chinese social change. The US sees a China “on the brink,?and would like them to change immediately. What American policymakers fail to realize, however, is that genuine social change cannot happen overnight. It must be a pervasive movement, from the ground up and often can take 50-100 years to take hold. However, Ambassador Roy urged us to have hope for China, as he believes they now truly understand the problems they face, and are taking steps to correct them.

With regards to the US-China relationship in the wake of the Iraq war, Ambassador Roy said he believes that it did not create new issues, it simply brought underlying post-Cold War issues to the surface. He believes that the US preemptive strike on Iraq resulted in a total change in the common threat perception. Ambassador Roy noted that the United States is by far the most important country to China; we are the most helpful to them, while at the same time causing the most problems. China has also benefited from the US policy of pursuing a bilateral approach to foreign policy, with Beijing showing an increased willingness to take actions that do not include the US. The economy is no exception to this shift, with economic factors changing such that the US is becoming increasingly less important to China, while their regional trade partners?importance is on the rise.

Ambassador Roy spoke candidly about cross-strait relations, expressing his belief that China has little interest in attacking Taiwan, and that the Taiwanese feel no need to “rock the boat.? Taiwan, however, continues to be a highly militarized source of contention between the US and China, as both seek to prevent the other from using Taiwan as a platform to project power in East Asia. Washington’s unflinching support for Taiwan to be left alone has made ripples in Beijing, and it seems that now, more than ever, China is hinting that they may be willing to step away from the conflict.

China’s new leadership will be integral to pushing forward the necessary social change. The new Chinese leaders are comparatively younger than those previously in power, and have a different, more progressive perspective. They are not career military men, and have had far more exposure to global culture either personally or through their children studying abroad. Some experts are worried that Jiang Zemin and his loyalists are still making designs to control the country from the background, but Ambassador Roy believes that the new leaders are making great strides to cement themselves in a position of power. As an example he pointed to the SARS crisis, where the new leaders did an excellent job of taking charge and greatly increased their prestige. Things look promising at the moment with the first peaceful transition of power in China’s modern history, but as for any marked progress towards a democratic society, we will simply have to wait and see.

June 27th "Civil Society in China" with Carol L. Hamrin. Lecture IV of the Policymakers Seminar Series.

Dr. Hamrin is a Chinese affairs consultant, and Research Professor at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia, where she is working with the Center for Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (CAPEC) and the Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution (ICAR). She also serves as a Senior Associate with several nonprofit organizations supporting research and social services in China. Carol was Senior China Research Specialist at the Department of State for 25 years, has taught at The Johns Hopkins University (School of Advanced International Studies) and has published several books, as well as book chapters and journal articles.

In addressing the issue of civil society in China, Dr. Hamrin expressed her view that China is steadily outgrowing socialism, and identified several positive signs that civil society in China is indeed emerging, however slowly. Case in point, Dr. Hamrin pointed out that the CCP’s recent promulgation of the “Three Represents,?in which the party claims to represent the interests of advanced social forces, culture, and the welfare of the majority, is clearly an attempt by the CCP to accommodate cultural change in its ideology. The CCP is seeking to reestablish its legitimacy in the wake of two plus decades of breakneck economic development and social change, which taken together have given rise to a need for greater plurality and transparency in government.

Advocating a bottom up perspective, Dr. Hamrin identified China’s emerging middle class as the real seed of civil society. She explained that the Chinese people in general experienced a healthy depoliticization of life after 1978 (The year in which Deng Xiaoping initiated reforms). The process of reform and opening up engendered a tremendous release of creative energy as the middle class engaged in an exploration of formerly unattainable alternatives. As this process continues, and as the middle class grows, it will to demand a greater say in governance. To paraphrase Dr. Hamrin’s summary of the current situation, government in China is “for the people? and is slowly becoming “of the people, and by the people.?

June 6th - "China's Leadership Transition" with Dr. David Lampton. Lecture III of the Policymakers Seminar Series

Dr. Lampton broke the discussion into five questions:

Has succession occurred? Dr. Lampton explained that the "core" of the party is currently unclear. Hu Jintao, the current president and party secretary and Jiang Zemin, the former holder of those positions, each hold some degree of power. These two centers of control create a potential for conflict. But he emphasized that local leaders, who are generally forward-looking and cosmopolitan, also wield a great deal of control in China.

How does this succession compare to previous successions? Dr. Lampton described a meeting with Jiang Zemin in which he boasted of how efficient his succession had been in comparison to Mao and Deng. Unlike the aftermath of previous successions, it appears that there will also be a continuity of policy for some time. This is best for the US-China relationship.

What are the characteristics of the new leadership? Dr. Lampton explained that the fourth generation of Chinese leadership was about five to ten years old during the communist revolution. Many came to positions of power just in time to be attacked in the Cultural Revolution. Most are engineers who were educated in Britain or the United States. They lack the revolutionary credentials that lent legitimacy to previous generations. Therefore they will be dependent on policy successes to protect the party and their own positions. This leads most experts to agree that the U.S. will be able to work with the fourth generation, perhaps more easily than the third generation. They have a vested interest in bringing China up to world standards.

What can we expect in their policies? Dr. Lampton explained that these leaders are pushing China toward a more pluralistic and populist government while still focusing primarily on continuing to develop the domestic economy. He imagined that China would continue to keep a relatively low international profile and not pick fights that might distract from the primary objective.

What will be the effects of recent developments such as SARS and the situation in North Korea? The final question's answer truly remains to be seen. But Dr. Lampton felt that the North Korean and SARS situation have actually strengthened the 4th generation. In addition to getting the 4th generations names and faces out, these crises gave them the opportunity to look effective. This creates distance from the third generation, which now seems comparatively secretive and bungling.

May 30th - "China's Domestic Political Situation" with Dr. Paul Heer. Lecture II of the Policymakers Seminar Series


Dr. Heer began his lecture with an explanation of China's informal political system. This system has created a power struggle between China's technical leader, Hu Jintao, and the former president and party secretary, Jiang Zemin, who may cling to control long into the future. Dr. Heer explained the formal structure of the government, including the varying significance and insignificance of the Politburo, Central Committee, and the National People's Congress. Overall, in this section he emphasized the supremacy of the Chinese Communist Party over all government structures and the military.

Dr. Heer listed three mostly unspoken but widely recognized party mechanisms for steering China. Each member of the politburo is the head of a leading group on a different topic. These leading groups are rarely publicly acknowledged, but determine a great deal in Chinese politics. Each summer the Chinese leadership vacations in the resort town of Bei Dai He. This vacation spot becomes the center of government each summer and the informal meetings held there influence the topics and tenor of the coming formal government meetings. Lastly, the place of Party Elders has had a huge impact on Chinese politics, though their power may be waning over time. These retired members of the CCP have been known to reassert power in crisis situations, including the Tiananmen Massacre of 1989. Each time the elders return to power it sets the party's progress back considerably.

Lastly, Dr. Heer summarized some of the trends in current Chinese politics including the process of institutionalization as the revolutionary leaders of the early CCP fade from the picture. He also emphasized the obsession with order and achieving China's economic goals to maintain sovereignty now that the Communist ideology has morphed into fascism.

May 9 - "China, Past and Present" with Dr. Bill Johnson

As the first in a series of speakers for this years Policy-makers seminar, professor Johnson gave a general overview of Chinese history in the context of major traditions or periods. Beginning in the imperial period, he explained the importance of the Confucian gentry class and differentiated between the meritocracy of ancient China and the feudal system of ancient Europe. The second tradition, according to professor Johnson, attempted to refute the Confucianism of the first. In response to the western powers that were encroaching on Chinese sovereignty, the focus turned to liberation from subservience to authority, including the emperor. The Japanese threat to China's survival reinstated statism in the third tradition. Sun Yat-Sen felt that to make the nation free China must sacrifice the freedom of the individual. This sentiment carried through the era of Mao Zedong. Mr. Johnson described this third tradition, which encompasses early Chinese Communism as an aberration in the line of overarching Chinese history. The Reform Era after Mao's death makes up the fourth tradition. Deng Xiaoping's economic reforms have been accompanied by a resurgence of traditionalism. Marxism becomes less applicable as private interests and capitalism grow more acceptable. Clearly change is occurring in this period. Professor Johnson indicated that China is more open than many in America recognize and that the responsibility for China's political future is in the hand of policymakers because since the imperial period China has been extremely subject to its external environment and America's behavior toward China will make a great impact its direction.

2002

December 5 - Annual Gala Dinner in honor of Vice Minister Long Yongtu

The U.S.-China Policy Foundation's Annual Dinner, held this year at the Washington Four Seasons Hotel, provided an appropriate backdrop for a discussion of the amazing progress China has made since acceding to the WTO over a year ago. Keynote speaker and China's chief WTO negotiator, Vice Minister Long Yongtu, noted that the benefits of trade which have developed between China and the rest of the world have been mutually advantageous and may be seen as a "win-win" situation. Vice Minister Long also expressed his optimism for the continued development of China's economy since WTO accession, citing several industries that have grown beyond expectations, in particular the auto industry. The event was well attended by a diverse audience, which included prominent leaders in government, business and academia.

September 25 - "The Taiwan Issue and US-China Relations" with Xu Shiquan, President of the Institute of Taiwan Affairs at the Chinese Academy of Social Science, Su Ge, Vice-President of the China Institute of International Studies, and Yang Jiemian, Vice-President of the Shanghai Institute of International Studies.

With the upcoming visit by Chinese Premier Jiang Zemin to President Bush's Crawford Ranch and the 16th Party Congress in November, Chinese Scholars Xu, Su, and Yang emphasized the importance of the US-China bilateral relationship. Common interests such as global and regional stability and economic growth are mutually beneficial to both countries and should not be overshadowed by tensions over anti-terrorism, the non-proliferation of weapons, and relations with Taiwan according to Dr. Yang. Dr. Xu believes that China is committed to one country, two systems and that Chinese on both the mainland and Taiwan see closer relations between the two for the future. With this in mind, Dr. Su recommends that the United States Congressional leadership continue to expand the areas of cooperation with China.

May-August 2002 Policymakers Seminar & Trip

The U.S.-China Policy Foundation organizes an annual seminar series and trip to China for a select and limited number of Congressional staff to enhance their understanding of China and Sino-U.S. relations. The following is a description of the seminars delivered by China specialists thus far in the series:

August 2 "China Society: Social and Cultural Change in China," with Dr. Carol Hamrin, Chinese Affairs Specialist, Department of State (Retired)

As China continues to experience rapid economic growth, its previous homogeneous society is developing into a much more diverse one, according to Dr. Hamrin. By 2020 China will be considered an urban society, due to the large movement of workers from the rural areas into the cities. A growing middle class in China is also developing, as well as a proliferation of public institutions, which have been seen as necessary to maintain economic efficiency. Nonprofit organizations (NPO), private charities, nongovernmental organizations (NGO), advocacy groups, and more are all examples of the social institutions that are getting involved with everything from helping high school drop outs and the handicap, to running small businesses and protecting the environment. Dr. Hamrin stated that these positive societal changes are creating a sense of competition for not only goods, but also for values, like religious choices, and human rights awareness. However, barriers to a more civil society are still abundant. Corruption, lack of accountability, organized crime, human trafficking, lost jobs, and more remain serious obstacles to China's social stability and its development. Though the Chinese government may not be able to control the growing number of social services, they can slow down regulations and laws that create greater freedoms for public institutions. But Dr. Hamrin believes that China's civil society is steadily making forward strides and will be an important part of overall Chinese development.

July 26 "China and the WTO: U.S. Interests" with Dr. Robert Kapp, President, U.S.-China Business Council

Since the passage of PNTR, Dr. Kapp stated that the U.S. has shifted its focus from trade-related issues with China to those surrounding security concerns. He believes a balanced dialogue between the economy and security is an important feature in the long-term relationship between the two countries. As China's domestic economy undergoes a restructuring period, it is important to have institutional stability. Problems with which the national government must contend and are seen as destabilizing forces range from chain of command issues, corruption, abuse of one's privileges, and overall lack of enforcement. Dr. Kapp also pointed out that China is experiencing a late socialist dilemma and faces the challenges of absorbing 70 plus million people into non-rural jobs. Given that there is little or no social safety net, many Chinese must deal with unemployment due to lost state owned factory jobs and lack of modern skills and education. Kapp stated that the Chinese government worries about the ill effects of general disorder and, like wide-ranging East Asian practices, tends to intervene on many levels in order to maintain overall domestic control.

July 19 "China's Economy: Strengths and Weakness," with Dr. Nicholas Lardy, Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy Studies, Brookings Institution

Dr. Lardy examined China's economy and stated China is on a gliding path towards meeting its WTO obligations and, in the long term, will continue to be economically open and generate growth through increased competition. Lardy explained how China's economy is growing robustly, though he emphasized official Chinese documents tend to report higher numbers then what is truly accurate. Nevertheless, China has continued to set policies that are open to and encourage increased foreign direct investment, especially in the manufacturing sector. China also continues to reduce their tariff and non-tariff barriers, which are already considered low for a developing country. Moreover, overall reduction in total inventory accumulation and China's willingness to scale back state-owned companies has created a more market orientated economy that is better able to absorb the adjustments required to meet WTO goals and extensive economic liberalization. However, Lardy also points out that China suffers from high unemployment and inequality has grown dramatically. This situation is a potential social time bomb, but due to rising average incomes for most Chinese, the current climate is relatively stable. Other concerns surround China's state-owned banks that make politically based lending decisions that tend to skew the financial situation. True private banks, which lend to only the best borrowers, are needed to expand capital-intensive industries. However, there remains little doubt that China is beginning to dominate the East Asian economies and is considered a driving force in the region.

July 12 "U.S.-China Relations" with Ambassador J. Stapleton Roy, Former United States Ambassador to China

Ambassador Roy stated that great changes are happening within China and discussed the United States' absence of consensus when it comes to understanding and dealing with China. With the mainland's ongoing modernization and its desire to project power abroad, many countries in Asia believe that China is becoming a dominate power in the region. While intra-regional trade continues to expand and integrate China with its neighbors, free trade zones in East Asia have been discussed, explicitly with non-U.S. involvement. Therefore, as dynamics in the region begin to change, Roy stated there is a strong desire not to polarize Asia again due U.S.-China conflicts. Thus maintaining stable relations is an important strategic component and is in the best interest for U.S national security. Though the U.S. is working with a flawed framework and there is bound to be further Sino-American crises, Roy asserted that sound reasoning and understanding how the Chinese system works will help to prevent misperceptions and miscalculations that could lead to confrontation.

June 28 "China's Military Situation" with Dr. Bates Gill, Freeman Chair in China Studies, Center for Strategic and International Studies

Dr. Gill spoke on China's security situation, examining both the internal and external implications. Internally, China has the largest population in the world at 1.3 billion. 900 million of those Chinese citizens live in rural settings, while another 100-120 million are considered "floating," or those people with no formal jobs and have the potential to create socio-economic problems. China borders with 14 countries and has the world's largest standing army, officially spending some $20 billion dollars on its defense budget. However, Dr. Gill pointed out that China does not include their foreign military acquisitions and paramilitary force in its official budget numbers. Therefore it is estimated that China's actual defense expenditure reaches $45-50 billion dollars. Dr. Gill also stated that in recent times China has gone more to outside sources to obtain armaments for national defense, particularly Russia. Moreover, China is the only major nuclear power in the midst of major modernization. Though it is believed China's socio-economic concerns will keep them largely internally focused, they are also upgrading their nuclear capabilities. A more robust nuclear deterrent, including the use of solid fuel, improved mobility and readiness, greater numbers, and improved accuracy will ultimately create new dynamics in the strategic relationship with its neighbors and the United States.

June 14 "China's Domestic Political System" with Dr. Paul Heer

Dr. Heer began his lecture by explaining the historical developments that have created the political backdrop for China's current leaders. Of the many important factures that have contributed to China's present domestic political system, two stand out. The first was the accession of Deng Xiaoping, who brought China into the modern world through economic reform, and the second was the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre, which reminded everyone China was still an authoritarian country that does not tolerate dissention and limits personal freedoms. Moreover, Heer stated a source of tension for the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) still continues to be the struggle to gain its legitimacy through economic development, while simultaneously attempting to maintain their grip on power.

Dr. Heer also explained that another important development happening later this year will be the 16th Party Congress, which takes place every 5 years. During this legislative gathering a "fourth generation" of leaders will be ushered into China's domestic political arena. The successor to President Jiang Zemin will be Vice President Hu Jintao, who was hand picked by Deng Xiaoping before his death in 1997. However, due to legacy concerns, President Jiang is less than willing to totally relinquish his current hold onto power and has launched a propaganda campaign in order to stay on as Party Secretary and maintain influence in Chinese affairs. With an estimated 50% turnover in the Politburo, Dr Heer believes the succession contest will bring about many domestic political changes in China and therefore will be watched closely.

May 17 "Trip Orientation" with Gene Martin, former DCM - U.S. Embassy, Beijing, and Frederick W. Crook, USCPF and coordinator for Seminar and Guide in China.

The two speakers this week discussed what the Congressional staffers could expect while visiting China this August. Mr. Martin gave general advice on how to interact with Chinese officials and the public. He urged the group to keep in mind the tremendous changes which have occurred in China recently. Some people will be willing to have open and frank discussions with foreigners, he said, while others will be more cautious. Nonetheless, controversial topics need not be avoided, as long as they are addressed in a polite and courteous manner. Specific topics such as how to hand out business cards, exchange gifts, take group photographs, and general protocol during meetings were also discussed. Dr. Crook suggested various approaches to improve the group's interaction with its Chinese hosts and addressed concerns as to health and traveling concerns. He suggested that the Congressional staffers seek out personal connections as a way to form bonds with the Chinese they come into contact with. Finally, the group discussed movies and books which could be of use in helping the staffers better prepare themselves for their trip.

May 3 "China Past and Present" with Professor Bill Johnson, George Washington University (Retired).


Dr. Johnson provided an overview of Chinese history, identifying several traditions which have guided China's development. Beginning in imperial times, Dr. Johnson discussed the gentry class and the penetration of centralized bureaucracy. Unlike in Europe, he said, China's gentry was not tied to the land, rather they were tied to the state through the civil service examinations. Dr. Johnson also identified two key Confucian values, harmony and filial piety, which he believes are linked with the present day character of Chinese society. These values, Dr. Johnson contended, help explain modern day beliefs, such as Jiang Zemin's theory of "peaceful coexistence." Professor Johnson also identified the issue of national security as a prominent concern of Chinese intellectuals during the 19th and 20th centuries. Their desire for a "strong state, wealthy nation" has been an influential factor shaping every major develop in China's history up to the present, he said. Dr. Johnson also addressed the topic of democracy, calling attention to the democratic strain of the 1911 revolution, and its importance in the eyes of Chinese students studying in Japan at the time. He also noted, however, that this democratic tradition was eclipsed during later years, as nationalism moved to the forefront. Dr. Johnson ended by declaring that the future of China is open, and that America's behavior can be influential in shaping that future.

May 1 - Dinner in honor of Vice President Hu Jintao

On May 1st 2002, the US-China Policy Foundation, in cooperation with the National Committee on US-China Relations and others, hosted a dinner in honor of Mr. Hu Jintao, Vice President of the People's Republic of China. After an introduction by the Honorable Henry Kissinger, Vice President Hu delivered a speech entitled: "Enhanced Mutual Understanding and Trust: Towards a Constructive and Cooperative Relationship between China and the United States." Hu's speech focused on China's current reform program and the state of US-China relations, and was followed by a question and answer period.

On the subject of reform, Hu noted the rapid growth of China's economy, the improvement of its overall national strength, and the rise in people's welfare. China is working hard to build up a strong, prosperous, democratic, and culturally advanced modern socialist country, Hu told the audience. And in order to do so, he added, China needs an international environment of peace and harmony. In regards to US-China ties, Hu said that although relations have not always developed smoothly, the growing trend is one of moving forward. To promote the development of bilateral relations, Hu offered several suggestions: The two sides must increase dialogue and exchanges, address difference on a basis of mutual respect, seek common ground while shelving difference, and increase cooperation on issues of world security, he said. Hu concluded his speech by asserting his conviction that bilateral relations would continue to improve through the sincerity and wisdom of the Chinese and American peoples.

February 27 - 30th Anniversary of the Shanghai Communiqu?

The U.S.-China Policy Foundation held a roundtable discussion and luncheon at the National Press Club on February 27 to commemorate the 30th anniversary of the signing of the Shanghai Communiqu? During the morning discussion, Richard Solomon, Robert Suettinger, Stanley Karnow, Chas W. Freeman, Jr., and Robert Kapp each offered their remarks on various issues of significance in US-China relations. Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs James A. Kelly was the keynote speaker at the luncheon. His speech focused on the constructive, candid, and cooperative relationship between the US and China, and was followed by a lively question and answer period. Minister-Counselor Zhang Keyuan also spoke briefly, hailing the Shanghai Communiqu?as the cornerstone of the Sino-American bilateral relationship.

January 17 - Breakfast meeting with Vice Minister Zhou Mingwei

Zhou Mingwei, Vice Minister of Taiwan Affairs of China's State Council, gave a talk on China-Taiwan relations at the Monocle Restaurant in Northeast D.C. on the morning of January 17. The breakfast affair was attended by 32 invited guests, including 14 congressional staffers. Zhou fielded questions and stressed the Chinese government's willingness to negotiate the mainland's reunification with Taiwan on an equal basis with the Taiwanese government and to offer Taiwan broad autonomy within a reunified China.

2001

September 20 - Dinner in Honor of Minister Tang Jiaxuan

Willard Inter-Continental Hotel, Washington DC U.S.-China Policy Foundation Board Members participated in a dinner for the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Tang Jiaxuan, who delivered a policy speech titled: "Deepen Mutual Understanding, Build Mutual Trust and Promote Healthy Development of China-US Relations." The dinner guests included policy makers, academics, and business executives.

August - Congressional Staff Trip to China

From August 11 to 19, the staff delegation traveled to Beijing, Xian, and Shanghai. Hosted by the Center for International Culture Exchange Center (CICEC), the tour provided opportunities for staffers to meet and have discussions with Chinese representatives from governmental and academic institutions as well as U.S. corporate executives in China

May-August 2001 Policymakers Seminar & Trip

The U.S.-China Policy Foundation organizes an annual seminar series and trip to China for a select and limited number of Congressional staff to enhance their understanding of China and Sino-U.S. relations. The following is a summary of the seminars delivered by China specialists on a variety of issues in preparation for the trip.

July 27 "China’s Society: Is a Civil Society Developing?" with Carol Hamrin, Chinese Affairs Specialist, Department of State (Retired)

Carol Hamrin addressed the dynamic topic of state-society relations in China. Dr. Hamrin began by discussing the question of why human rights improvements do not necessarily coincide with economic and other improvements in China. She stated that progress in China comes as a cycle of regression and progression. While current trends in China are away from state dependence, we still see many human and civil rights abuses because rule-of-law in China is relatively weak. The state is trying to retain a certain degree of power, but society is outgrowing socialism. Dr. Hamrin then went on to discuss how to point this changing society toward a positive future. She spoke of the increasing influence of the “third sector,?composed of NGO’s and non-profits. Dr. Hamrin claims that third sector groups are gaining influence because local governments, especially at the township and village level, need outside help since they are often ignored by the national bureaucracy. Dr. Hamrin examined additional factors that will be instrumental in sustaining momentum for positive social and political change in China, including Taiwan/Hong Kong, entrance into the WTO, and the 2008 Olympic Games. Finally, Dr. Hamrin proposed how the United States can pursue a more productive human rights policy towards China. She closed by stating that the United States must realize that things will get much worse before they get better, and that once things do change a democratic China will not look like the America. For U.S. efforts to improve human rights in China to be effective, Dr. Hamrin believes initiative must be made from both the grassroots and international diplomatic levels.

July 13 "Dealing with the Chinese" with Douglas Paal, President, Asia-Pacific Policy Center.

Mr. Douglas Paal spoke about the current state of U.S.-China relations as well as what the Congressional staff group should expect when they arrive in China, topics they are likely to discuss with their Chinese counterparts, and how to handle discussion of sensitive subjects. Paal contended that the Bush administration’s characterization of China as a “strategic competitor? has resulted in a primary emphasis on its relations with U.S. allies. However, trade relations with China would remain strong. He shared his view that the administration got off to a shaky start in its relationship with China, but that many of those early problems would not have played out any differently if there had been a Democrat in the White House. A Gore administration would have had to still deal with immediate trade issues, weapons sales to Taiwan, the surveillance plane crash, and the Olympic vote. Paal further examined how the United States can segue out of all these thorny issues into a more useful framework. He stated that the United States now stands in a relatively stronger strategic position than China, and therefore China interprets every move the United States makes as a move against them. Despite this dynamic, Paal said that the United States could still engage China while continuing to have a strong defense posture. Specifically, Paal examined what the administration wants from China in the short and long term. Included were the release of the U.S.-Chinese scholars, improvement of U.S. commercial purchasing rights in China, cooperation on the Korean Peninsula, curbing of encroachment into countries like Burma and Cambodia. Finally, Paal stated that the future of U.S.-China relations appears to have the components for improvement because China has the desire to work on building a strong relationship with the United States.

June 22 "U.S.-China Relations" with Thomas Robinson, President, American Asian Research Enterprise.


Dr. Robinson discussed the determinants of China’s domestic and foreign policy as well as the direction of Sino-U.S. relations during the past half-century. He explained how domestic priorities have shifted from a political and ideological orientation under Mao Zedong’s leadership towards a pragmatic focus on economic development and stability under Deng Xiaoping’s leadership. Under these leaders, China’s interests and power projection in the international realm have evolved from focus on military affairs, to economic development, and then to both military affairs and economic development. Characterizing Sino-U.S. relations, Robinson explained that both countries?interests in the other have been based on a mutual pursuit of economic, security, and ideological goals. He went on to cover a series of trends and issues driving bilateral relations in recent years, many of which are responsible for causing a deterioration of ties: increase of Chinese power (political, economic, and military) and nationalism; the end of the Cold War and America’s sole superpower status; tension over the Taiwan issue; the 1989 Tiananmen Square incident; WTO and trade; human rights; Tibet; and China’s 2008 Olympic bid. Robinson predicts that China will be increasingly bold in pursuit of its interests as it gains domestic and international power. If the U.S. government and policymakers maintain constant efforts in bettering bilateral understanding in these areas, they will be able to successfully promote U.S. interests and goals.

June 8 "China’s Political System" with Robert Sutter, National Intelligence Officer, East Asia, National Intelligence Council.

Using the question of whether or not China is a threat as a framework, Dr. Robert Sutter spoke about China’s political system. Much of the debate surrounding China focuses on warnings about China as a major power. In order to move past the warnings one must look behind the scenes at the political system. Sutter reviewed the background of Chinese politics and society, from the successful bureaucratic systems, its eventual breakdown, and the "victim mentality" that exists today. Much of this mentality is tied to what Sutter described as the hundred years of humiliation. This breakdown and resulting humiliation that was felt set the stage for the Communist Revolution in China and the rise of Mao Zedong. Mao essentially had used organization and ideology to bring the nation out of chaos. Sutter argues that it is the successes and the failures of this system that the leaders of China in the post-Mao era have to deal with. It is the 30,000 people who died during the Great Leap Forward, the disaster of the Cultural Revolution, and the consistent corruption that permeates the system as a whole that are the context for the future leaders of China. Essentially, the leadership within China wants to stay in power, but they cannot use the tools that were used in the past. Therefore, they use new tools, specifically nationalism and economic success. The current and future Chinese leadership must work to keep economic growth on a steady course while maintaining political consensus. After talking about several challenges facing the current regime, Sutter elaborated on the impending change of power in China and the struggle and possible rift within the party consensus that could occur. Finally Sutter reiterated that we should not forget to look at the dynamics of the political system when hearing the "warnings" concerning China.

May 25 "U.S.-China Relations and China’s Strategic Concerns" with Bates Gill, Senior Fellow

Foreign Policy Studies, Brookings Institution. Dr. Gill spoke on the contrasting visions of future security relations between the U.S. and China and the major issues facing both countries. Gill claims that U.S. efforts to gather solid intelligence information have lagged. The result has been skewed American views of China that create tension and polarization among U.S. policymakers. Too much attention in the U.S. is placed on the build-up of military ‘hardware?and little recognition has been made of military software and China’s lack of preparation to utilize their expanding military equipment. Gill went on to explain China’s historical concern with internal rather than external security. The current situation in Taiwan has refocused Chinese military attention from inland to coastal areas, creating momentum towards development of a military prepared for local high-tech wars and moving away from traditional weapons. Because its military is far behind the desired level of capability, China has been forced to find a quick way to create a deterrent. Developing missiles and nuclear weapons have allowed China to accomplish this while spending little political and military capital. Finally, Gill explained that the U.S. has not paid close attention to the current shift in China’s nuclear build-up. While the United States has been emphasizing the development of defensive military capabilities, China has been bolstering its offensive capabilities. Gill concluded by stating that this combination may bode ominously for the United States.

May 11 "U.S.-China Economic Relations" with Robert Kapp, President, U.S.-China Business Council.

Dr. Kapp gave an overview of the dramatic changes that the Chinese economy has undergone since 1978 and the varied challenges it continues to faces as it strives to integrate with the rest of the world. Kapp discussed the debate among the Chinese leadership after the Cultural Revolution about how to modernize the nation and Deng Xiaoping’s successful push to open China to the rest of the world. As a result, China has now become the second largest recipient of FDI in the world, engages in massive volumes of international trade, and has rapidly rising per capita income. He pointed out that despite its economic success, China has many serious problems to overcome. China is a country of tremendous contrasts, with vast differences of growth in inland and coastal areas. Institution building has progressed and numerous laws have been created over the last 10 to 15 years, but these efforts have been constrained by inconsistent implementation of laws and reluctance of the CCP to subject itself to the boundaries of new institutional arrangements. Further, he discussed the strains China faces as the country slowly sheds its Stalinist industrial model, endures massive layoffs, and strives to create a new social security network. Despite the challenges China faces, Kapp emphasized the general optimism of U.S. companies involved in China. Upon WTO accession, it is inevitable that China will come closer to fundamental international commercial practices and will further undergo economic pluralization. American companies have been a positive influence in encouraging this process. Commercial involvement is the best asset the U.S. has in trying to manage various aspects of the U.S.-China relationship.

April 23, Roundtable Discussion and Luncheon on "U.S.-China Relations: Past and Present", National Press Club, Washington DC

The first morning panel on "The Beginning of New Relations: Dr. Kissinger’s Secret Mission to China in 1971" was moderated by William Gleysteen, Jr., Former U.S. Ambassador to South Korea, and featured John Holdridge, Former Assistant Secretary of State, East Asia and the Pacific and Richard Solomon, President, U.S. Institute of Peace. The second morning panel on "U.S. Arms Sales to Taiwan: Implications to U.S.-China Relations" was moderated by Chas W. Freeman, Jr., Co-chair, USCPF, and featured Kurt Campbell, Senior Vice President and Director, International Studies, CSIS and Bates Gill, Senior Fellow and Director, Center for Northeast Asian Policy, The Brookings Institution. The luncheon speakers were Yang Jiechi, P.R.C. Ambassador to the United States and J. Stapleton Roy, Former U.S. Ambassador to the China.

March 23, Co-sponsor, Luncheon in Honor of Vice Premier Qian Qichen, Willard Inter-Continental Hotel, Washington DC

The US-China Policy Foundation, together with the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations, The Nixon Center, and The United States-China Business Council, co-hosted a luncheon for Qian Qichen, Vice Premier of the State Council, P.R.C. Vice Premier Qian addressed a group of several hundred business executives, policymakers, and academics.

February 27, Breakfast with Vice Minister Zhou Mingwei, Capitol Hill, Washington DC


Zhou Mingwei, Vice Minister of the Taiwan Affairs Office, State Council, P.R.C, spoke to a group of congressional staff about the future of cross-strait relations.

2000

September 8, New York City, Waldorf-Astoria Hotel

The US-China Policy Foundation, cooperating with the National Committee on US-China Relations, the US-China Business Council and others, helped to organize this luncheon event in honor of Chinese President Jiang Zemin during the historic U.N. Millennium Summit of world leaders. The Honorable Henry Kissinger delivered the opening remarks before President Jiang gave his address in English. President Jiang spoke of trends towards multipolarization, China’s accession to the WTO, the need for stable US-China relations based on mutual respect, Taiwan’s status, and China’s domestic improvements in the overall quality of life for the Chinese people.

A complete copy of President Jiang’s speech can be found at: http://www.avasian.com/bb_middle.htm

May-August 2000 Policymakers Seminar & Trip

The U.S.-China Policy Foundation organizes an annual seminar series and trip to China for a select and limited number of Congressional staff to enhance their understanding of China and Sino-U.S. relations. The following is a summary of the trip to China in August and a description of the seminars delivered by China specialists on a variety of issues in preparation for the trip:

August 11-19, Congressional Staff Trip to Shanghai, Xian, and Beijing

The U.S.-China Policy Foundation successfully concluded its annual Congressional staff trip to China. This year’s roster included both Democratic and Republican staffers from the House of Representatives and the Senate. Hosted by the Center for International Culture Exchange Center (CICEC), the tour provided opportunities for staffers to meet and have discussions with Chinese representatives from governmental and academic institutions as well as ex-patriot U.S. corporate executives in China’s two largest cities. In Beijing, arrangements were made to visit the U.S. Embassy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA), American Chamber of Commerce, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation (MOFTEC), Institute of American Studies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), and National People’s Congress (NPC). In Shanghai, the group visited the Shanghai Municipal People’s Congress, and the Center for American Studies at Fudan University. In addition, the group enjoyed sightseeing at several sites of historical and contemporary significance, including the Great Wall and Forbidden City in Beijing, the Terra-Cotta Warriors in Xian, and the GM joint-venture plant and stock exchange in Shanghai.

July 21 - "Dealing with the Chinese" with Douglas Paal, President, Asia-Pacific Policy Center

Dr. Douglas Paal discussed the "psychotic" mood of Chinese government leaders and officials as they deal with the U.S.-China relationship. Though the educated in China are well versed on foreign affairs and have a high degree of social responsibility, there still remains a strong sense of national pride, which blames foreigners for China’s current problems. While Chinese officials understand the need for stable relations with the United States, it also recognizes the United States as a threat to their system. However, nationalism has the potential of getting out of control and could eventually be detrimental to China’s domestic stability. Dr. Paal further discussed the Taiwan issue, and four schools of thought among the Chinese leadership, ranging from those who advocate the use of force to those who believe China’s current policy toward Taiwan is obsolete.

July 7 - "China's Evolving Society" with Carol Hamrin, Chinese Affairs Specialist, Department of State

Dr. Carol Hamrin lectured on the societal changes happening in China, specifically the regimes growing accommodations for greater personal freedoms and its decentralizing system. However, the greatest challenge to China’s reform is its continuing adjustments to state-society relations. As society places continual pressure and demands on the state for more freedoms and government accountability, the state has been forced to react and reform. The results have been both good and bad. On the positive side, there has been a growing reciprocal relationship between interests groups and the state, and government transparency has improved. On the negative side, repression, abuse and corruption are on the rise. At this point in time, it is difficult for Hamrin to predict what will happen to China in the long run; whether change will remain relatively peaceful or if violence and instability will be a result.

June 23 - "Security Issues: China as Friend or Foe" with Bates Gill, Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy Studies, Brookings Institution.

Dr. Bates Gill discussed the role and capabilities of the Chinese military, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). While China’s military was used for the defense of its territory in the past, the recent role has been more focused on unification of national territory and to deter potential domestic problems. Dr. Gill explained that it is believed that China would like to extend its power outward to protect its access to the global economy but that the Chinese military faces several challenges ?the ability to battle over areas other than land , shift in the emphasis of training to allow limited local war under high-tech conditions, and an upgrade in technology. Dr. Gill also discussed the vulnerabilities of China’s nuclear forces and the importance of our two countries to build a more open relationship to deter possible miscommunications and misunderstandings.

June 9 - "China’s Foreign Relations Strategies" with Thomas Robinson, President, American Asian Research Enterprise and Adjunct Professor, Georgetown University.


Dr. Thomas Robinson explained how China’s foreign policy has evolved over three periods: the Mao Period, first Deng Period, and second Deng Period. He discussed the predominant influence of China’s domestic environment on its foreign policy decisions. In the international arena, Dr. Robinson explained how China has for many decades had to contend with two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, but that China currently faces the absence of a bipolar environment and a recent trend towards globalization. While China is still playing catch-up in the world, its rising economic and military power is allowing it to become more involved in regional and global affairs where it previously had little or no involvement. Dr. Robinson expressed that the United States is the most important foreign power for China, and maintains enough international power and influence to make or break China.

May 26 - "China’s Political System" with Robert Sutter, National Intelligence Officer, East Asia, National Intelligence Council.

Dr. Robert Sutter gave an overview of the historical forces, present conditions and future scenarios that could shape China’s political regime. He discussed the effect of the "100 years of humiliation," the rising popularity of the Chinese Communist Party in the mid 20th century, and the excessiveness of the authoritarian regime which led to a loss of prestige and a need to legitimate itself in the eyes of the people. The solution to this problem for the CCP was to initiate liberalization of the economy and society. But China has been slow to liberalize its political system for fear of losing control when it faces challenges such as during the 1989 pro-democracy demonstrations at Tiananmen Square in Beijing. Dr. Sutter explained that there would continue to be internal challenges to the current regime, but it would be able to cope and adjust to these challenges for the next several years due to the pragmatism of the current leadership. He also expressed that China will continue to have a tumultuous relationship with the United States, but in the end Beijing will work to come to terms with the United States on disagreeable factors in the relationship.

May 12 - "U.S.-China Economic Relations and the Impact of WTO" with Robert Kapp, President, U.S.-China Business Council.


Dr. Robert Kapp provided a historical framework for understanding the Chinese social, political, and economic system and discussed misconceptions that Americans have about China, in particular with regards to the debate surrounding the May Congressional vote on whether or not to grant China permanent normal trade relations (PNTR) trading status. Dr. Kapp discussed the difficulties China has confronted over the last two centuries as it faced modernization and how Chinese leaders have grappled with institutions that have resisted change. He explained that China continues to face the dilemma of how to open China to the United States and the rest of the world without jeopardizing the uniquely Chinese characteristics of their social and political system.

March 17, Washington, D.C., National Press Club

The U.S.-China Policy Foundation’s fourth annual National Press Club luncheon was held on March 17 following a roundtable discussion highlighting "Current Trends in US-China Relations". The morning roundtable discussion was moderated by Ambassador Arthur W. Hummel, former US Ambassador to China, and featured several preeminent China specialists, including Dr. Frederick W. Crook, President of the China Group and Former Agricultural Economist at the USDA; Dr. Pieter Bottelier, former Chief of the World Bank’s Mission in China, and Professor David M. Lampton, Director of China Studies at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. A thoughtful exchange with audience members followed the speakers?observations about the myriad issues surrounding the evolving economic and political relations between America and China, with particular emphasis on the role that American foreign policy plays in the Cross-Strait situation. The former Ambassador to China, James Sasser, delivered the luncheon’s keynote address, in which he elaborated upon the current concerns over Cross-Strait relations. He ended on an optimistic note, however, exploring possible avenues for a renewed dialogue between the two governments.

February 29, Washington, D.C., The Monocle


The U.S.-China Policy Foundation hosted a breakfast meeting for Members of Congress and a group of senior Chinese trade officials interested in promoting the trade of wheat and other agricultural products between the two countries. Among the delegates from China were Mr. Sun Zhenyu, Vice-Minister of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation (MOFTEC) and Mr. Zhou Mingchen, President of the China National Cereals, Oil and Foodstuffs Import and Export Corporation (COFCO). They met with Senators Thomas A. Daschle (D-SD), Byron Dorgan (D-ND) and Conrad Burns (R-MT) to discuss purchasing US agricultural products. Other guests included Alan Lee, Chairman of the North Dakota Wheat Commission as well as Congressional staff and members of the USCPF advisory board. The session was moderated by Nancy Patton, USCPF board member and former U.S. Department of Commerce Deputy Assistant Secretary, Asia & Pacific.

1999

May-August 1999 Policy-Makers Seminar & Trip

August 15-23, Beijing and Shanghai

The Foundation sponsored a Congressional staff delegation trip to China as part of its Policy-Makers Seminar and Trip program. The program provided a select group of twenty Congressional office and committee staff members with eight seminar sessions on U.S.-China relations from February to July. During the Congressional recess, the participants traveled to China for meaningful interactive interviews with their Chinese counter-parts.

Trip

The China International Cultural Exchange Center served as the local host to a bipartisan delegation of 6 Policy-Makers members from both the House and Senate. While in Beijing the group received a briefing from the U.S. Embassy and met with several Chinese officials, including the Director-Generals of the Department of North American & Oceanic Affairs in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Department of International Economic & Trade Relations in the Ministry of Foreign Trade & Economic Cooperation; the Deputy Director of the Institute of American Studies in the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences; the Deputy Secretary-General of the China Society for Human Rights Studies; and the Director of the State Administration for Religious Affairs. They were also the guests of honor at a banquet thrown by the host organization and a breakfast sponsored by the American Chamber of Commerce in Beijing. In between meetings the group had an opportunity to visit the Great Wall, the Forbidden City and the Temple of Heaven, some of China's most important landmarks. While in Shanghai the group exchanged views with the Deputy Director of the Center for American Studies at Fudan University, toured a factory owned by Cargill, Inc. on the outskirts of the city, and visited Zhou Village and the Oriental Pearl Tower media facility.

Seminar Series

The seminar series focused on the most crucial political, economic and security issues involving relations between the United States and the People's Republic of China in 1999 and into the next millennium, attracting a genuinely balanced and truly outstanding group of scholars and practitioners as speakers. The program Coordinator, William R. Johnson, kicked-off the series in February with a presentation on China's past and present, discussing the political and intellectual issues, trends, values and developments of 19th & 20th century China that are relevant to contemporary analysis with the participants. In March, Carol Lee Hamrin of the State Department and China scholar Anne Thurston discussed China's evolving society in the context of political reform and change. The following week, H. Lyman Miller of SAIS and Nicholas Eberstadt of the American Enterprise Institute examined political and population issues and discussed their impact on bilateral relations with the group. In April Nicholas Lardy of the Brookings Institution and Robert Kapp of the U.S.-China Business Council examined China's bid for WTO membership and U.S. options. Later that month Sandra Kristoff of New York Life International and James Mulvenon of RAND looked at trade and technology transfer issues in the wake of espionage allegations and export control legislation. In June, David Shambaugh of the Elliott School of International Affairs analyzed China's current and future military capabilities in light of the Cox Committee report findings. Two weeks later former Ambassadors Arthur Hummel, Jr. and James Lilley addressed the complexities of U.S. relations with China and Taiwan. At the final session in July, Harry Harding, Dean of the Elliott School, conducted a capstone session to prepare the participants for their seven-day trip to China in August. The series was designed and organized by Professor William R. Johnson, formerly the Assistant Director of the Sigur Center for Asian Studies at the George Washington University. Funding for the program has been graciously provided by the Houghton Freeman Foundation.

April 9, Washington, D.C., Willard Inter-Continental Hotel

Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji presented a major foreign policy address at a dinner sponsored by the U.S.-China Policy Foundation, the America-China Society, the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations, the Asia Society, the Committee of 100, the Council on Foreign Relations, and the U.S. Chamber of Commerce. The Honorable Alexander M. Haig Jr., an Honorary Advisor of the USCPF, introduced the premier to an audience of prominent individuals in government, academia, and business who had gathered to hear the Premier's opinions on U.S.-China relations, China's entry into the WTO, and several other topics. The USCPF would like to thank New York Life for serving as its sponsor at this event.

February 25, Washington, D.C., National Press Club

The Foundation held its third annual luncheon with a commemoration of "U.S.-China Relations Since 1979." A morning panel moderated by USCPF Board Member, Ambassador John H. Holdridge, examined many of the challenges in the bilateral relationship over the past twenty years and into the future. Ambassador William H. Gleysteen, Jr., Donald Anderson, a retired foreign service officer, and Yu Enguang, a member of the Foreign Affairs Committee of China's National People's Congress and Executive Vice-Chairman of the Council of the China International Cultural Exchange Center, each discussed the topic and responded to thoughtful questions from an audience of sixty. Following the panel discussion, the Honorable Stanley Roth, Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, and General Alexander M. Haig, Jr., an Honorary Advisor of the Foundation delivered remarks on the future of U.S.-China relations and the challenges inherent in current relations respectively to luncheon guests. Minister Liu Xiaoming of the Embassy of the People's Republic of China also presented his view of current relations between the two countries to the audience of current and former Department of State personnel, business representatives, and academics. The USCPF was delighted to host such august speakers and a delegation from the China International Cultural Exchange Center for this event.

1998

December 1, Washington, D.C., The Monocle

Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Asian and Pacific Affairs Kurt Campbell and Professor Ralph Clough of SAIS discussed the question of whether the U.S. can avoid entanglement in the Taiwan issue. Ambassador John Holdridge participated as the moderator of the roundtable lecture and delivered a first-hand account of the evolution of the Taiwan Relations Act (TRA) and the 1982 Shanghai Communique. Dr. Campbell examined the challenges the TRA poses to American foreign policy while Professor Clough presented the perspectives from Taiwan and China on the issue. During a question and answer session each speaker gave several recommendations on how the U.S. could shape its policy in the near future.

October 18-24, Washington, D.C., Los Angeles

Delegation from the China Institute for International Strategic Studies. The USCPF hosted a delegation from CIISS that consisted of General Li Jing, Major General (Ret.) Chen Benchan, Senior Fellow Mr. Li Zhihong and Colonel Zhang Li, a fellow of the institute, for several days of informal exchanges with prominent policy-makers in the United States. In Washington, D.C. the group discussed issues of common concern with members of the Center for Naval Analysis, Pentagon staff, a researcher at the National Defense University and several members of the National Security Study Group, as well as other local experts. The Foundation hosted a banquet for the delegation that was attended by General Gong Xianfu of the Embassy of the People's Republic of China, as well as other members of the defense attache's office. At the banquet the delegation was given an opportunity to mix with members of the local think-tank community and former state department foreign service personnel. The delegation also flew to Los Angeles for an informal exchange of views with several members of Rand Corporation. During these meetings the delegates shared their views of U.S.-China relations, the question of Taiwan's reunification with China and regional security, and answered questions on the political situation in North Korea, the nature of China-Japan relations, and the PLA's recently released White Paper.

September 25, Washington, D.C., The National Press Club

"U.S.-China Relations: the View from Congress" was the topic of USCPF's monthly roundtable lecture. Presentations made by Peter Brookes of the Republican staff of the House International Relations Committee, Frank Jannuzi of the Democratic staff of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and Robert Sutter of the Congressional Research Service were followed by a question and answer period that raised difficult questions as to each party's policies and approaches to China and their implications.

July 23, Washington, D.C., The National Press Club


USCPF hosted its monthly roundtable lecture on the topic of New Trends in U.S.-China Relations. Chas W. Freeman,Jr., Co-chair of the USCPF, Jeffrey Bader, Director of Asian Affairs at the National Security Council and David Shambaugh, Director of The Sigur Center for Asian Studies at The George Washington University discussed the impact of President Clinton's visit to China on the bi-lateral relationship and U.S. foreign policy. A lively question and answer period raised the issues of Taiwan, regional defense cooperation, the role of the American private sector in China's reform efforts, and the Clinton administration's strategy for maintaining the momentum built-up during his visit.

June 26, Washington, D.C., The Sichuan Pavillion

USCPF hosted a banquet for Governor Song Baorui and a delegation from Sichuan Province. The University of Maryland's Institute of Global Chinese Affairs is the host of the delegation throughout its stay in D.C. The luncheon was attended by representatives of international financial institutions, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Department of Commerce. Governor Song and his delegation are visiting the U.S. for ten days to promote investment in infrastructure projects in the province.

June 23, Washington, D.C.


USCPF hosted a roundtable lecture-luncheon on China's military capabilities and the issue of technology transfer. Richard Fisher of The Heritage Foundation, Paul Godwin of the National War College and Michael Pillsbury of the National Defense University shared their perspectives on the state of China's procurment of technology from foreign sources, the state of China's military industrial complex and the degree of transparency in military relations between China and the United States.

May 5, Washington, D.C., Washington Hilton Hotel and Towers

USCPF was pleased to host a farewell reception for Minister and Mrs. Zhou Wenzhong of the Embassy of the People's Republic of China. Minister Zhou has been appointed China's ambassador to Australia.

April 23, Washington, D.C.


USCPF held a roundtable lecture-luncheon to discuss the Role of Dissident in the U.S.-China Relationship. At this event Ms. Kerry Dumbaugh, Ms. Kyna Rubin and Dr. Anne Thurston led the discussion of the relationship of Congress to the Chinese dissident movement, an analysis of the Chinese dissident community in the United States and the present human rights climate in China.

April 7, Washington, D.C.

USCPF hosted a roundtable lecture-luncheon on the NPC and its Aftermath, featuring the Honorable Chas Freeman, Jr., Dr. Lyman Miller and Dr. Thomas Robinson as speakers. Topics discussed included current reform efforts in China, changes in leadership positions and the meaning thereof, and an analysis of U.S.-China relations in the short, medium and long-terms.

January 20, Washington, D.C., ANA Hotel


USCPF and the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations hosted a farewell reception in honor of Chinese Ambassador Li Daoyu. Ambassador Li returned to Beijing.

1997

October 30, Washington, D.C., ANA Hotel


Chinese President Jiang Zemin presented a major foreign policy address at a luncheon sponsored by the U.S.-China Policy Foundation, the America-China Society, the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations, the Asia Society, and the Council of Foreign Relations. The audience was comprised of prominent individuals in government, academia, and business.

October 2, Washington, DC, Leavey Center, Georgetown University

One-day simulation meeting on U.S.-China relations sponsored by the Georgetown University Foreign Service Institute, the U.S. Department of State and the U.S.-China Policy Foundation. Students and foreign service professionals participated in a simulation scenario involving a crisis in North Asia which requires the coordination between the U.S., China, South Korea and North Korea.

September 24, Washington, DC, U.S.-China Policy Foundation

Roundtable discussion entitled "The 15th National Party Congress: Implications for U.S.-China Relations." Moderated by Ambassador Chas W. Freeman. Panel discussion led by Ambassador John Holdridge and Ambassador Arthur Hummel, Jr. Audience participants included academics and Washington policymakers.

March 3-4, Beijing

USCPF board members met with Premier Li Peng and Minister of the State Council and Director of the State Council's Office of National Security Liu Huaqiu

March 1, Shanghai

Conference commemorating the 25th Anniversary of the Shanghai Communiqu?

February 21, Washington, DC, National Press Club

Symposium on the 25th Anniversary of the Shanghai Communiqu?Panel participants: Ambassador John H. Holdridge, Ambassador Arthur W. Hummel, Jr., Ambassador Chas W. Freeman, Jr., Professor A. Doak Barnett of Johns Hopkins University, the Honorable Yu Enguang (Representative of the National People's Congress and Senior Vice-President, China International Culture Exchange Center) Featuring: The Honorable Li Daoyu, Ambassador of the People's Republic of China to the United States and the Honorable Richard Solomon, President of the U.S. Institute of Peace.

1996

December 17, Washington, DC

USCPF hosted a Holiday Party to celebrate the holiday season and to show its appreciation for all those who have shown support for the programs and activities of the Foundation.

October 14-18, Beijing

USCPF board members Ambassador Arthur Hummel, Ambassador John H. Holdridge, Ambassador Chas W. Freeman, and Dr. Wang Chi, spent a week in Beijing. They met with Foreign Minister and Vice-Premier Qian Qichen, State Council Minister for Foreign Affairs Liu Huaqiu, and PLA Deputy Chief of Staff for Foreign Affairs General Xiong Guangkai and representatives from Beijing University and the CASS Institute of American Studies who specialize in US-China relations. Board members had informal discussions on possible future developments. This visit, the first trip composed entirely of Foundation members, was warmly received and introduced foundation activities to Chinese foreign policy makers.

July 26, Washington, DC

Presentation of Dr. John Hardt's report, China's Economy to 2010: Views on Leadership on Prospects and Problems of the Fifteen Year Plan, and observations following a USCPF-sponsored research trip to China.

May 8, Washington, DC. Georgetown University, Leavey Center

Co-sponsored the conference, Sino-American Relations: In Search of Direction, with the Georgetown University Institute for the Study of Diplomacy. USCPF Co-chair Chas W. Freeman, Jr. led the closing discussion on "Where Do We Go From Here?"
 
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