May 25 "U.S.-China Relations and China’s Strategic Concerns" with
Bates Gill, Senior Fellow
Foreign Policy Studies, Brookings Institution. Dr. Gill spoke on the
contrasting visions of future security relations between the U.S.
and China and the major issues facing both countries. Gill claims
that U.S. efforts to gather solid intelligence information have lagged.
The result has been skewed American views of China that create tension
and polarization among U.S. policymakers. Too much attention in the
U.S. is placed on the build-up of military ‘hardware?and little recognition
has been made of military software and China’s lack of preparation
to utilize their expanding military equipment. Gill went on to explain
China’s historical concern with internal rather than external security.
The current situation in Taiwan has refocused Chinese military attention
from inland to coastal areas, creating momentum towards development
of a military prepared for local high-tech wars and moving away from
traditional weapons. Because its military is far behind the desired
level of capability, China has been forced to find a quick way to
create a deterrent. Developing missiles and nuclear weapons have allowed
China to accomplish this while spending little political and military
capital. Finally, Gill explained that the U.S. has not paid close
attention to the current shift in China’s nuclear build-up. While
the United States has been emphasizing the development of defensive
military capabilities, China has been bolstering its offensive capabilities.
Gill concluded by stating that this combination may bode ominously
for the United States.